Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Infrared Study of Silanol Groups on Dealuminated High Silica MFI Zeolite to Correlate Different Types of Silanol Groups with Activity for Conversion of 1-Butene to Propene

  • 168 Accesses

Abstract

Infrared spectra of dealuminated high silica MFI zeolites were measured to elucidate the structure of silanol groups active for conversion of 1-butene to propene. The OH groups were replaced by OD groups to have clear vibrational spectra. Two sharp bands and one broad band were observed; isolated silanol at 2746 cm−1, terminal silanol at 2725 cm−1, and hydrogen-bonded silanols centered at 2570 cm−1 composed of more than one components. Based on the response of these bands to Na poisoning and pyridine adsorption together with the correlation with catalytic results, we propose that the active sites for propene formation are one of the terminal silanol groups and one of the hydrogen-bonded silanol groups in a silanol nest. The active hydrogen-bonded silanol groups are the one whose O atom is hydrogen-bonded to adjacent two H atoms in the silanol nest.

Graphic Abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Scheme 1
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. 1.

    Aitani A (2006) Encyclopedia of chemical processing. In: Lee S (ed) Taylor & Francis, New York, p 2461

  2. 2.

    Amghizar I, Vandewalle LA, Van Geem KM, Marin GB (2017) Engineering 3:7

  3. 3.

    Blay V, Epelde E, Miravalles R, Perea LA (2018) Catal Rev 60:278

  4. 4.

    Ramani B (2019) Presented at the Asian petrochemical industry conference (APIC), Taipei, May 2019

  5. 5.

    Zhu X, Liu L, Song Y, Xu L (2005) Catal Lett 103:201

  6. 6.

    Xue N, Nie L, Pang D, Guo X, Shen J, Ding W, Chen Y (2009) Appl Catal A 352:87

  7. 7.

    Zhu X, Liu S, Song Y, Xu L (2005) Appl Catal A 288:134

  8. 8.

    Vora B, Marker TL, Barger PT (2000) US Patent 6,049,017

  9. 9.

    Tang X, Zhou H, Qian W, Wang D, Zhao S, Jin Y, Wei F (2008) Catal Lett 125:380

  10. 10.

    Epelde E, Gayubo AG, Olazar M, Bilbao J, Aguayo AT (2014) Ind Eng Chem Res 53:4614

  11. 11.

    Lin L, Qui C, Zhuo Z, Zhang D, Zhao S, Wu H, Liu Y, He M (2014) J Catal 309:136

  12. 12.

    Zhao G, Teng J, Zhang Y, Yue Y, Chen Q, Tang Y (2006) Appl Catal A 299:167

  13. 13.

    Zeng P, Liang Y, Ji S, Shen B, Liu H, Wang B, Zhao H, Li M (2014) J Energy Chem 23:193

  14. 14.

    Zhu X, Liu S, Song Y, Xie S, Xu L (2005) Appl Catal A 290:191

  15. 15.

    Rahimi N, Karimzadeh R (2011) Appl Catal A 398:1

  16. 16.

    Zhao G, Teng J, Xie Z, Jin W, Yang W, Chen Q, Tang Y (2007) J Catal 248:29

  17. 17.

    Xue N, Chen X, Nie L, Guo X, Ding W, Chen Y, Gu M, Xie Z (2007) J Catal 248:20

  18. 18.

    Xue N, Liu N, Nie L, Yu Y, Gu M, Peng L, Guo X, Ding W (2010) J Mol Catal A 327:12

  19. 19.

    Gao X, Tang Z, Zhang H, Liu C, Zhang Z, Lu G, Ji D (2010) Korean J Chem Eng 27:812

  20. 20.

    Li J, Ma H, Sun Q, Ying W, Fang D (2015) Fuel Process Technol 134:32

  21. 21.

    Epelde E, Gayubo AG, Olazar M, Bilbao J, Aguayo AT (2014) Chem Eng J 251:80

  22. 22.

    Lv J, Hua Z, Ge T, Zhou J, Liu Z, Guo H, Shi J (2017) Microporous Mesoporous Mat 247:31

  23. 23.

    Xu R, Liu J, Liang C, Jia W, Li F, Guo H (2011) J Fuel Chem Technol 39:449

  24. 24.

    Zhang R, Wang Z (2015) Ciesc J 66:571

  25. 25.

    Zhang R, Wang Z (2015) Chin J Chem Eng 23:1131

  26. 26.

    Zhao S, Yang D, Zhang X, Yao X, Liu Y, He MY (2016) Chem Commun 52:11191

  27. 27.

    Abdalla A, Arudra P, Al-Khattaf SS (2017) Appl Catal A 533:109

  28. 28.

    Arudra P, Bhiyan TI, Aktar MN, Aitani AM, Al-Khattaf SS, Hattori H (2014) ACS Catal. 4:4205

  29. 29.

    Ichihashi H, Sato H (2001) Appl Catal A 221:359

  30. 30.

    Hölderich WF, Röseler J, Heitmann G, Liebens A (1997) Catal Today 37:353

  31. 31.

    Heitmann GP, Dahlhelt G, Hölderich WF (1999) J Catal 186:12

  32. 32.

    Ichihashi H, Ishida M, Shiga A, Kitamura M, Suzuki T, Suenobu K, Sugita K (2003) Catal Surv Asia 7:261

  33. 33.

    Dessau RM, Schmitt KD, Kerr GT, Woolery GL, Alemany LB (1987) J Catal 104:484

  34. 34.

    Zecchina A, Bordiga S, Spoto G, Marchese L (1992) J Phys Chem 96:4991

  35. 35.

    Astrino E, Peri JB, Willey RJ, Busca G (1995) J Catal 157:482

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors appreciate the support from King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) in conducting this work.

Author information

Correspondence to Hideshi Hattori.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts to declare.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hattori, H., Arudra, P., Abdalla, A. et al. Infrared Study of Silanol Groups on Dealuminated High Silica MFI Zeolite to Correlate Different Types of Silanol Groups with Activity for Conversion of 1-Butene to Propene. Catal Lett 150, 771–780 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-019-02972-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Silanol groups
  • IR spectroscopy
  • MFI zeolite
  • 1-Butene
  • Propene