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Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 12, pp 3525–3542 | Cite as

Magnetically Separable Zinc Ferrite Nanocatalyst for an Effective Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil

  • A. Ashok
  • L. John KennedyEmail author
Article
  • 67 Downloads

Abstract

ZnFe2O4 nanocatalysts synthesized by microwave combustion method is employed for biodiesel production from waste cooking oil (WCO). The zinc ferrite samples are prepared by varying the microwave power from 500 to 1500 W. The nanocatalysts are characterized by XRD, FTIR, DRS, HR-SEM and VSM techniques. Transesterification of WCO are investigated and maximum biodiesel yield of 98.6% is achieved with 4 wt% of ZnFe2O4 nanocatalyst (ZF-1500 sample), methanol/oil molar ratio of 21:1, reaction temperature about 60 °C and reaction time 1 h. The nanocatalyst (ZnFe2O4) was reused at least for 10 times. The activation energy (Ea) and frequency factor (A) is calculated to be 59.4 kJ mol−1 and 1.66 × 108 min−1 respectively. The thermodynamic parameters ∆H and ∆S were found to be 88.76 kJ mol−1 and − 0.096 kJ mol−1 K−1. The positive values of ∆G for transesterification process is found to be non-spontaneous and endergonic.

Graphic Abstract

Keywords

Biodiesel production Transesterification Heterogeneous catalysis Spinels 

Abbreviations

WCO

Waste cooking oil

ZF-500

Zinc ferrite using 500 W

ZF-600

Zinc ferrite using 600 W

ZF-900

Zinc ferrite using 900 W

ZF-1200

Zinc ferrite using 1200 W

ZF-1500

Zinc ferrite using 1500 W

XRD

X-ray diffraction

FTIR

Fourier transformed infrared

HRSEM

High resolution scanning electron microscopy

DRS

Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy

VSM

Vibrating sample magnetometer

GCMS

Gas chromatography mass spectroscopy

FAME

Fatty acid methyl ester

Notes

Acknowledgements

All the authors sincerely thank VIT Chennai Campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, for providing financial assistance through research associateship to the first author.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Division, School of Advanced SciencesVellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Chennai CampusChennaiIndia

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