Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 12, pp 3338–3348 | Cite as

Enhanced Catalytic Performance of CuO–ZnO–Al2O3/SAPO-5 Bifunctional Catalysts for Direct Conversion of Syngas to Light Hydrocarbons and Insights into the Role of Zeolite Acidity

  • Tao Liu
  • Tianliang Lu
  • Mingming Yang
  • Lipeng Zhou
  • Xiaomei Yang
  • Beibei GaoEmail author
  • Yunlai SuEmail author


Synthesis of light hydrocarbons from synthesis gas using bifunctional catalysts consisting of CuO–ZnO–Al2O3 methanol synthesis catalysts and SAPO-5 were investigated in a fixed bed reactor. The operating results showed that both the temperature and the ratio of CZA/SAPO-5 influenced the CO conversion and the selectivity of the catalysts. The effects of different dehydration component such as HZSM-5, HMOR and SAPO-5 and subsequently the impact of the zeolite acidity on the catalytic performance were also investigated. Experimental results indicated that zeolites in bifunctional catalysts played the crucial role for the distribution of hydrocarbons, and SAPO-5 was superior to the other zeolites in terms of better conversion and C3–C5 selectivity due to its suitable topology and proper acidic property. The efficiency of the CZA/SAPO-5 catalysts was found to be directly proportional to the Brönsted acid sites density of the zeolite and Brönsted acid sites are the likely zeolite active sites for DME dehydration. High time–space yield (461.6 mg mL−1 h−1) and high selectivity (88.1%) of light hydrocarbons (C3–C5) could be achieved on the CZA/SAPO-5-0.4 catalyst at 290 °C.

Graphic Abstract


Synthesis gas Light hydrocarbons SAPO-5 Acidity Bifunctional catalyst 



This work was supported by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M642769) for the financial supports.

Supplementary material

10562_2019_2901_MOESM1_ESM.docx (577 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 577 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Chemical Engineering and EnergyZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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