Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 7, pp 1825–1832 | Cite as

Synthesis of Cyclic Carbonates from CO2 and Epoxide Catalyzed by Co, Ni and Cu Complexes in Ionic Liquids

  • Jessica Honores
  • Diego Quezada
  • Gustavo ChacónEmail author
  • Oriol Martínez-FerratéEmail author
  • Mauricio IsaacsEmail author


A series of first row metal complexes (Co, Ni and Cu) containing commercial nitrogen ligands were synthetized and used as catalyst in the cycloaddition of CO2 to epoxides. The reaction was carried out in ionic liquids based on 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium as solvents. Best catalytic results were achieved with Co catalysts in 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (BMIm.BF4). Under optimized reaction conditions cyclic carbonates were selectively obtained with good to excellent yields, presenting a reliable alternative to synthetize the product using low cost and abundant catalytic system containing a common ligand as ethylenediamine. Finally, macrocycle effects where studied in each case comparing the conversion rates obtained by using ethylenediamine and 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane.

Graphical Abstract



This work was supported by Project RC 130006 CILIS, granted by Fondo de Innovación para la Competitividad, del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y Turismo, Chile; FONDECYT 1181226, FONDECYT postdoctorado 3180061 and 3170333 and CAPES, Brazil. Authors are very thankful to Professor Jairton Dupont for all support.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de Química y de FarmaciaPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis, Institute of ChemistryUFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Facultad de Ingeniería, Institute of Applied Chemical SciencesUniversidad Autónoma de ChileSan MiguelChile
  4. 4.Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy ConversionMülheimGermany

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