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Novel Full Hydrogenation Reaction of Methyl Esters of Palm Kernel and Sunflower Oils Into Methyl Stearate Catalyzed by Rhodium, Ruthenium and Nickel Complexes of Bidentate Hexasulfonated o-Phenylendiphosphite Ligands

  • Niki Kaika
  • Christina Panopoulou
  • Eleni Anagnostopoulou
  • Christos Fakas
  • Panagiotis Lilas
  • Dimitra Stavroulaki
  • Georgios PapadogianakisEmail author
Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

High catalytic activities (TOF = 8680 h−1) have been achieved by novel rhodium catalysts modified with the chelating sulfonated phosphite ligand hexasulfonated o-phenylendiphosphite in the hydrogenation reaction of renewable methyl esters of sunflower oil under mild reaction conditions and a low rhodium concentration of 50 ppm in methanol.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Hydrogenation Methyl esters of palm kernel and sunflower oil Rhodium, ruthenium and nickel Bidentate sulfonated phosphite Zero trans-fats 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support of this research by the Postgraduate Studies Programme on “Catalysis and its Applications in the Industry” of Greek Ministry of Education and by the Special Account for Research Grants of the Research Committee of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens are gratefully acknowledged. We thank Cognis GmbH (today BASF) for the supply of the starting materials methyl esters of palm kernel oil (Edenor® ME PK 12-18 F) and of methyl esters of sunflower oil (Sunflower Fatty Acid ME®).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niki Kaika
    • 1
  • Christina Panopoulou
    • 1
  • Eleni Anagnostopoulou
    • 1
  • Christos Fakas
    • 1
  • Panagiotis Lilas
    • 1
  • Dimitra Stavroulaki
    • 1
  • Georgios Papadogianakis
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Industrial Chemistry Laboratory, Department of ChemistryNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

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