Harnessing CO2 into Carbonates Using Heterogeneous Waste Derivative Cellulose-Based Poly(ionic liquids) as Catalysts

  • Daniela M. Rodrigues
  • Luiza G. Hunter
  • Franciele L. Bernard
  • Marisol F. Rojas
  • Felipe Dalla Vecchia
  • Sandra EinloftEmail author


CO2 chemical transformation into chemicals is an interesting option to mitigate CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. CO2 is an important carbon source, non-toxic, non-flammable, abundant and renewable, making it an interesting raw material. In this work, cellulose-based poly(ionic liquids) (CPILs) was synthesized from cellulose extracted from rice husk, modified with citric acid and functionalized with different cations. CPILs were used as heterogeneous catalysts for CO2 chemical transformation into cyclic carbonates by cycloaddition of CO2 with epoxides [propylene (PO) and styrene oxides (SO)]. The effect of the cation present in CPILs in catalytic performance, use of ZnBr2 as a co-catalyst and catalytic reaction parameters (temperature, pressure and time) were investigated just as well. Results demonstrate that CPILs cation variation influence their catalytic activity. A higher CO2 yield and selectivity of 81.9%/95.3% for propylene carbonate (PC) and 78.7%/100% for styrene carbonate (SC) was obtained by CPIL-TBP/ZnBr2 at conditions of 40 bar, 110 °C and 6 h, being easily separated and recycled without significant loss of catalytic activity until the fourth cycle.

Graphical Abstract



This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior – Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001. Sandra Einloft thanks CNPq for research scholarship.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Post-Graduation Program in Materials Engineering and TechnologyPontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRSPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.School of SciencePontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRSPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.School of TechnologyPontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRSPorto AlegreBrazil
  4. 4.Institute of Petroleum and Natural Resources -Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRSPorto AlegreBrazil
  5. 5.School of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversidad Industrial de SantanderBucaramangaColombia
  6. 6.School of Science and EngineeringUniversidad de los LlanosVillavicencioColombia

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