Advertisement

Enhanced Production of C5+ Hydrocarbons from CO2 Hydrogenation by the Synergistic Effects of Pd and K on γ-Fe2O3 Catalyst

  • Wensheng NingEmail author
  • Bei Li
  • Biao Wang
  • Xiazhen Yang
  • Yangfu Jin
Article
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

Pure γ-Fe2O3 was prepared by two steps. L(+)-Tartaric acid and Fe(NO3)3·9H2O were sequentially dissolved into water, then the stick liquid was dried and calcined in air. Promoter Pd and K were added to Fe2O3 by impregnation. The influence of Pd or K on Fe2O3 was different in view of the reducibility of Fe2O3, H2 and CO2 adsorption. But synergistic effects were observed from the catalyst co-promoted by Pd and K (Catalyst PKF). The improving effect of Pd on Fe2O3 reduction was further stimulated by K, and the CO2 quantity desorbed from catalyst PKF at the temperature lower than 300 °C was increased. The synergistic effects resulted in PKF having the highest C5+ selectivity for CO2 hydrogenation at 235 °C among the studied catalysts.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

γ-Fe2O3 catalyst CO2 hydrogenation Promoter Pd Promoter K Synergistic effect 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China [LY14B030003] and the National Ministry of Science and Technology of China [2014BAD02B05].

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2622_MOESM1_ESM.docx (118 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 117 KB)

References

  1. 1.
    Drab DM, Willauer HD, Olsen MT et al (2013) Hydrocarbon synthesis from carbon dioxide and hydrogen: a two-step process. Energy Fuels 27:6348–6354.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef4011115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Willauer HD, DiMascio F, Hardy DR et al (2014) Feasibility of CO2 extraction from seawater and simultaneous hydrogen gas generation using a novel and robust electrolytic cation exchange module based on continuous electrodeionization technology. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:12192–12200.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie502128x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ning W, Wang T, Chen H et al (2017) The effect of Fe2O3 crystal phases on CO2 hydrogenation. PLoS ONE 12(8): e0182955–e0182912.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182955 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wei J, Ge Q, Yao R et al (2017) Directly converting CO2 into a gasoline fuel. Nat Commun 8:15174–15178.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15174 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gao P, Li S, Bu X et al (2017) Direct conversion of CO2 into liquid fuels with high selectivity over a bifunctional catalyst. Nat Chem 9:1019–1024.  https://doi.org/10.1038/NCHEM.2794 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guan N, Liu Y, Zhang M (1996) Development of catalysts for the production of aromatics from syngas. Catal Today 30:207–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0920-5861(96)00014-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yoneyama Y, He J, Morii Y et al (2005) Direct synthesis of isoparaffin by modified Fischer–Tropsch synthesis using hybrid catalyst of iron catalyst and zeolite. Catal Today 104:37–40.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2005.03.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cheng K, Gu B, Liu X et al (2016) Direct and highly selective conversion of synthesis gas into lower olefins: design of a bifunctional catalyst combining methanol synthesis and carbon–carbon coupling. Angew Chem Int Ed 55:4725–4728.  https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201601208 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Riedel T, Claeys M, Schulz H et al (1999) Comparative study of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis with H2/CO and H2/CO2 syngas using Fe- and Co-based catalysts. Appl Catal A 186:201–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(99)00173-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jun KW, Roh HS, Kim KS et al (2004) Catalytic investigation for Fischer–Tropsch synthesis from bio-mass derived syngas. Appl Catal A 259:221–226.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2003.09.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luo M, O’Brien R, Davis BH (2004) Effect of palladium on iron Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalysts. Catal Lett 98:17–22.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-004-6442-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Minnermann M, Pokhrel S, Thiel K et al (2011) Role of palladium in iron based Fischer-Tropsch catalysts prepared by flame spray pyrolysis. J Phys Chem C 115:1302–1310.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp106860d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ning W, Yang X, Yamada M (2012) Influence of palladium on the hydrocarbon distribution of Fischer-Tropsch reaction over precipitated iron catalyst. Curr Catal 1:88–92.  https://doi.org/10.2174/2211544711201020088 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Xu L, Wang Q, Liang D et al (1998) The promotions of MnO and K2O to Fe/silicalite-2 catalyst for the production of light alkenes from CO2 hydrogenation. Appl Catal A 173:19–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(98)00141-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yan SR, Jun KW, Hong JS et al (2000) Promotion effect of Fe–Cu catalyst for the hydrogenation of CO2 and application to slurry reactor. Appl Catal A 194–195:63–70.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(99)00354-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen HX, Ning WS, Chen CH et al (2015) Influence of Fe2O3 crystal phase on the performance of Fe-based catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation. J Fuel Chem Technol 43:1387–1392Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ning W, Koizumi N, Yamada M (2009) Researching Fe catalyst suitable for CO2-containing syngas for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Energy Fuels 23:4696–4700.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef900428t CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Iglesia E (1997) Design, synthesis, and use of cobalt-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalysts. Appl Catal A 161:59–78.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(97)00186-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Overett MJ, Hill RO, Moss JR (2000) Organometallic chemistry and surface science: mechanistic models for the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis. Coordin Chem Rev 206–207:581–605.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-8545(00)00249-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Schulz H (1999) Short history and present trends of Fischer–Tropsch synthesis. Appl Catal A 186:3–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(99)00160-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Liu J, Zhang A, Jiang X et al (2018) Selective CO2 hydrogenation to hydrocarbons on Cu-promoted Fe-based catalysts: dependence on Cu–Fe interaction. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:10182–10190.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b01491 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dry ME, Shingles T, Boshoff LJ et al (1969) Heats of chemisorption on promoted iron surfaces and the role of alkali in Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. J Catal 15:190–199.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9517(69)90023-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Anderson RB, Seligman B, Schultz JF et al (1952) Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. Some important variables of the synthesis on iron catalysts. Ind Eng Chem 44:391–397.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50506a052 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Krishnamoorthy S, Li A, Iglesia E (2002) Pathways for CO2 formation and conversion during Fischer-Tropsch synthesis on iron-based catalysts. Catal Lett 80:77–86.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015382811877 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Boreriboon N, Jiang X, Song C et al (2018) Fe-based bimetallic catalysts supported on TiO2 for selective CO2 hydrogenation to hydrocarbons. J CO2 Util 25:330–337.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2018.02.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sing KSW, Everett DH, Haul RAW et al (1985) Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems with special reference to the determination of surface area and porosity (Recommendations 1984). Pure Appl Chem 57:603–619.  https://doi.org/10.1351/pac198557040603 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bian G, Oonuki A, Koizumi N et al (2002) Studies with a precipitated iron Fischer-Tropsch catalyst reduced by H2 or CO. J Mol Catal A 186:203–213.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1381-1169(02)00186-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li T, Yang Y, Zhang C et al (2007) Phase transformation and textural properties of an unpromoted iron Fischer–Tropsch catalyst. Colloids Surf A 302:498–505.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2007.03.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ning W, Yang S, Chen H et al (2013) Influences of K and Cu on coprecipitated FeZn catalysts for Fischer–Tropsch reaction. Catal Commun 39:74–77.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2013.05.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Albrecht M, Rodemerck U, Schneider M et al (2017) Unexpectedly efficient CO2 hydrogenation to higher hydrocarbons over non-doped Fe2O3. Appl Catal B 204:119–126.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.11.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bukur DB, Mukesh D, Patel SA (1990) Promoter effects on precipitated iron catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Ind Eng Chem Res 29:194–204.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie00098a008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhang CH, Wan HJ, Yang Y et al (2006) Study on the iron–silica interaction of a co-precipitated Fe/SiO2 Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalyst. Catal Commun 7:733–738.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2006.03.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Nag NK (2001) A study on the formation of palladium hydride in a carbon-supported palladium catalyst. J Phys Chem B 105:5945–5949.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp004535q CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Iwasa N, Arai S, Arai M (2008) Selective oxidation of CO with modified Pd/ZnO catalysts in the presence of H2: effects of additives and preparation variables. Appl Catal B 79:132–141.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2007.10.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Gaspar AB, Santos GR, Costa RS et al (2008) Hydrogenation of synthetic PYGAS—Effects of zirconia on Pd/Al2O3. Catal Today 133–135:400–405.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2007.12.058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Choi PH, Jun KW, Lee SJ et al (1996) Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide over alumina supported Fe-K catalysts. Catal Lett 40:115–118.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00807467 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemical EngineeringZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and TechnologyZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations