Cu@U-g-C3N4 Catalyzed Cyclization of o-Phenylenediamines for the Synthesis of Benzimidazoles by Using CO2 and Dimethylamine Borane as a Hydrogen Source
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This work reports a green and sustainable route for the synthesis of benzimidazoles via C–N bond formation using carbon dioxide (CO2) as a C1 carbon source. In this work, Cu@U-g-C3N4 catalyst was prepared from urea derived porous graphitic carbon nitride (U-g-C3N4) and CuCl2 and characterized by FT-IR, XRD, XPS, SEM, TPD etc. The Cu@U-g-C3N4 as a heterogeneous recyclable catalyst has been employed first time for the cyclization of o-phenylenediamines (OPD) with CO2 to benzimidazoles using dimethylamine borane (DMAB). The proposed protocol becomes sustainable and efficient due to the use of propylene carbonate/water as a suitable biodegradable, economical and environmentally benign solvent system. The proposed catalytic system showed a wide range of substrate scope for the synthesis of benzimidazoles in good to excellent yields.
KeywordsCu@U-g-C3N4 Heterogeneous catalyst Carbon dioxide fixation DMAB Amines Green solvent Benzimidazoles
The author Vishal V. Phatake would like to thanks University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi, India for providing a Junior Research Fellowship under UGC-NET JRF scheme.
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Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest, for each contributing author.
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