Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 1, pp 190–195 | Cite as

Oligosaccharide Assisted Approach: An Efficient and Facile Access to Isochromeno [4,3-b] Indoles Derivatives in the Presence of Beta Cyclodextrin

  • Akhilesh Kumar
  • Pragati Rai
  • Vijay B. Yadav
  • I. R. SiddiquiEmail author


A completely eco-friendly and straightforward protocol for the biologically important isochromeno[4,3-b]indoles derivatives has been developed employing beta cyclodextrin in aqueous medium. This documented strategy includes the elimination of hazardous catalysts and volatile organic solvents. Additionally this protocol highlights environmentally benign reaction conditions, short reaction times, operational simplicity, easy workup and purification procedure and good yield of products.

Graphical Abstract


Heterogeneous catalysis Phase-transfer catalysis Cyclization Heterocycles 



The authors, A. Kumar, P. Rai and V. B. Yadav thank CSIR New Delhi, for offering them Senior Research Fellowship (SRF) author also thanks to SAIF, Chandigarh for providing spectral data of synthesized compounds.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2592_MOESM1_ESM.docx (28 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 28 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akhilesh Kumar
    • 1
  • Pragati Rai
    • 1
  • Vijay B. Yadav
    • 1
  • I. R. Siddiqui
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Green Synthesis, Department of ChemistryUniversity of AllahabadAllahabadIndia

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