Catalysis Letters

, Volume 145, Issue 12, pp 2057–2065 | Cite as

Direct Synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide Over Au–Pd Catalysts Prepared by Electroless Deposition

  • Ana C. Alba-Rubio
  • Anthony Plauck
  • Eric E. Stangland
  • Manos Mavrikakis
  • James A. Dumesic


Electroless deposition is used to deposit sub-monolayer amounts of Au onto pre-existing Pd nanoparticles supported on silica. Catalyst performance is analyzed for the direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at 278 K. We demonstrate that moderate Au coverages on Pd (up to ca. 0.7 monolayers) are not effective for improving selectivity to H2O2 and do not suppress the undesirable decomposition of H2O2. Results from FTIR measurements of CO adsorbed on these catalysts suggest that contiguous Pd sites remain at the surface following deposition of Au, and these sites remain active for O–O bond scission.

Graphical Abstract


Electroless deposition Gold Palladium Hydrogen peroxide Direct synthesis 



This material is based upon work supported as part of a Dow Chemical Company University Partner Initiative with the University of Wisconsin-Madison, under Dow agreement number 235744C. The authors acknowledge use of instrumentation supported by the UW MRSEC (DMR-1121288) and the UW NSEC (DMR-0832760).

Supplementary material

10562_2015_1621_MOESM1_ESM.docx (130 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 130 kb)


  1. 1.
    Centi G, Perathoner S, Abate S (2009) Modern heterogeneous catalysis: design, reactions and characterization. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Meiers R, Holderich WF (1999) Catal Lett 59:161–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Campos-Martin JM, Blanco-Brieva G, Fierro JLG (2006) Angew Chem Int Ed 45:6962–6984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hutchings GJ, Kiely CJ (2013) Acc Chem Res 46:1759–1772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Edwards JK, Solsona B, Ntainjua E, Carley AF, Herzing AA, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2009) Science 323:1037–1041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Edwards JK, Pritchard J, Lu L, Piccinini M, Shaw G, Carley AF, Morgan DJ, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2014) Angew Chem Int Ed 53:2381–2384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Edwards JK, Pritchard J, Piccinini M, Shaw G, He Q, Carley AF, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2012) J Catal 292:227–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu Q, Gath KK, Bauer JC, Schaak RE, Lunsford JH (2009) Catal Lett 132:342–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Beard KD, Borrelli D, Cramer AM, Blom D, Van Zee JW, Monnier JR (2009) ACS Nano 3:2841–2853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Beard KD, Van Zee JW, Monnier JR (2009) Appl Catal B Environ 88:185–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ohashi M, Beard KD, Ma S, Blom DA, St-Pierre J, Van Zee JW, Monnier JR (2010) Electrochim Acta 55:7376–7384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rebelli J, Detwiler M, Ma S, Williams CT, Monnier JR (2010) J Catal 270:224–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rebelli J, Rodriguez AA, Ma S, Williams CT, Monnier JR (2011) Catal Today 160:170–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rodriguez AA, Williams CT, Monnier JR (2014) Appl Catal A Gen 475:161–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schaal MT, Metcalf AY, Montoya JH, Wilkinson JP, Stork CC, Williams CT, Monnier JR (2007) Catal Today 123:142–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zou W, Gonzalez RD (1992) Catal Lett 12:73–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Landon P, Collier PJ, Carley AF, Chadwick D, Papworth AJ, Burrows A, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2003) Phys Chem Chem Phys 5:1917–1923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Madon RJ, Boudart M (1982) Ind Eng Chem Fundam 21:201–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pawelec B, Venezia AM, La Parola V, Cano-Serrano E, Campos-Martin JM, Fierro JLG (2005) Appl Surf Sci 242:380–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Venezia AM, La Parola V, Deganello G, Pawelec B, Fierro JLG (2003) J Catal 215:317–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Skoda F, Astier MP, Pajonk GM, Primet M (1994) Catal Lett 29:159–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kugler EL, Boudart M (1979) J Catal 59:201–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Edwards JK, Thomas A, Carley AF, Herzing AA, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2008) Green Chem 10:388–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Samanta C (2008) Appl Catal A Gen 350:133–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ghedini E, Menegazzo F, Signoretto M, Manzoli M, Pinna F, Strukul G (2010) J Catal 273:266–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kim S, Lee D-W, Lee K-Y (2014) J Mol Catal A Chem 391:48–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Edwards JK, Parker SF, Pritchard J, Piccinini M, Freakley SJ, He Q, Carley AF, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2013) Catal Sci Technol 3:812–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Menegazzo F, Signoretto M, Frison G, Pinna F, Strukul G, Manzoli M, Boccuzzi F (2012) J Catal 290:143–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kim S, Lee DW, Lee KY, Cho EA (2014) Catal Lett 144:905–911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Pritchard J, Kesavan L, Piccinini M, He Q, Tiruvalam R, Dimiitratos N, Lopez-Sanchez JA, Carley AF, Edwards JK, Kiely CJ, Hutchings GJ (2010) Langmuir 26:16568–16577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ham HC, Hwang GS, Han J, Nam SW, Lim TH (2009) J Phys Chem C 113:12943–12945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ouyang L, Da GJ, Tian PF, Chen TY, Liang GD, Xu J, Han YF (2014) J Catal 311:129–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ford DC, Nilekar AU, Xu Y, Mavrikakis M (2010) Surf Sci 604:1565–1575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Santiago-Rodriguez Y, Herron JA, Curet-Arana MC, Mavrikakis M (2014) Surf Sci 627:57–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Herron JA, Tonelli S, Mavrikakis M (2012) Surf Sci 606:1670–1679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Greeley J, Mavrikakis M (2004) Nat Mater 3:810–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Herron JA, Mavrikakis M (2014) Catal Commun 52:65–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ruban AV, Skriver HL, Norskov JK (1999) Phys Rev B 59:15990–16000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Nilekar AU, Ruban AV, Mavrikakis M (2009) Surf Sci 603:91–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zhang Y, Diao W, Monnier JR, Williams CT (2015) Catal Sci Technol 5:4123–4132CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana C. Alba-Rubio
    • 1
  • Anthony Plauck
    • 1
  • Eric E. Stangland
    • 2
  • Manos Mavrikakis
    • 1
  • James A. Dumesic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biological EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.The Dow Chemical Company, Core R&DMidlandUSA

Personalised recommendations