Catalysis Letters

, Volume 145, Issue 2, pp 697–701 | Cite as

Epoxidation of Propene with Graphite AuPd-Supported Nanoparticles

  • Upendra N. Gupta
  • Robert L. Jenkins
  • Nicholas F. Dummer
  • Donald Bethell
  • Graham J. HutchingsEmail author


The oxidation of propene has been studied with O2 as the terminal oxidant using a carbon-supported gold palladium catalyst at 90 °C. The reaction is carried out in acetonitrile as solvent in an autoclave. Propene oxidation is only observed in the presence of benzoyl peroxide acting as a radical initiator, but the presence of O2 is essential to observe oxidation. The addition of aldehydes enhances the formation of the epoxide.

Graphical Abstract


Epoxidation Propene Oxygen Dibenzoyl peroxide Aldehyde 



We thank Sasol Technology and Mintek, South Africa for funding. We also thank John Moma and Marco Gatti for assistance with the solvent studies.


  1. 1.
    Oyama ST (2008) In: Oyama ST (ed) Mechanisms in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic epoxidation. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Clerici MG, Bellussi G, Romano U (1991) J Catal 129:159–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hayashi T, Tanaka K, Haruta M (1998) J Catal 178:566–575CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hughes MD, Xu YX, Jenkins P, MacMorn P, London P, Enache DI, Carley AF, Attard GA, Hutchings GJ, King F, Stitt FEH, Johnston P, Griffin K, Kiely CJ (2005) Nature 437:1132–1135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alshammari H, Miedziak PJ, Knight DW, Willock DJ, Hutchings GJ (2013) Catal. Sci. Technol. 3:1531–1539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alshammari H, Miedziak PJ, Bawaked S, Knight DW, Hutchings GJ (2012) ChemCatChem 4:1565–1571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alshammari H, Miedziak PJ, Davies TE, Willock DJ, Knight DW, Hutchings GJ (2014) Cat. Sci. Technol. 4:908–911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hutchings GJ, Kiely CJ (2013) Acc Chem Res 46:1759–1772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Yamada T, Takahashi K, Kato K, Takai T, Inoki S, Mukaiyama T (1991) Chem Lett 20:641–644Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wentzel BB, Alsters PL, Feiters MC, Nolte RJM (2004) J Org Chem 69:3453–3464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gupta UN, Alshammari H, Dummer NF, Jenkins RL, Bethell D, Hutchings GJ, in preparationGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Upendra N. Gupta
    • 1
  • Robert L. Jenkins
    • 1
  • Nicholas F. Dummer
    • 1
  • Donald Bethell
    • 1
  • Graham J. Hutchings
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Cardiff Catalysis InstituteCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations