Catalysis Letters

, Volume 144, Issue 8, pp 1425–1432 | Cite as

Trends in Hydrodesulfurization Catalysis Based on Realistic Surface Models

  • Poul Georg Moses
  • Lars C. Grabow
  • Eva M. Fernandez
  • Berit Hinnemann
  • Henrik Topsøe
  • Kim G. Knudsen
  • Jens K. Nørskov
Article

Abstract

Trends in hydrodesulfurization (HDS) activity are investigated on the basis of surface properties calculated by density functional theory for a series of HDS catalysts. It is shown that approximately linear correlations exist between HS group binding energies and activation barriers of key elementary reactions in HDS of thiophene. These linear correlations are used to develop a simple kinetic model, which qualitatively describes experimental trends in activity. The kinetic model identifies the HS-binding energy as a descriptor of HDS activity. This insight contributes to understanding the effect of promotion and structure–activity relationships.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

DFT Trends HDS Hydrodesulfurization Promotion Scaling relations Sulfides 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poul Georg Moses
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Lars C. Grabow
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Eva M. Fernandez
    • 3
  • Berit Hinnemann
    • 4
  • Henrik Topsøe
    • 4
  • Kim G. Knudsen
    • 4
  • Jens K. Nørskov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.SUNCAT Center for Interface Science and Catalysis, Department of Chemical EngineeringStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryMenlo ParkUSA
  3. 3.Center for Atomic-scale Materials Design (CAMD) Department of PhysicsTechnical University of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark
  4. 4.Haldor Topsøe A/SKgs. LyngbyDenmark
  5. 5.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA

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