Catalysis Letters

, Volume 144, Issue 1, pp 9–15

Oxidative Coupling and Hydroxylation of Phenol over Transition Metal and Acidic Zeolites: Insights into Catalyst Function

  • Jerry Pui Ho Li
  • Eric Kennedy
  • Michael Stockenhuber
Article

Abstract

Reaction of phenol with hydrogen peroxide over H-MFI, Fe-MFI, H-BEA, Fe-BEA and TS-1 zeolite catalysts was investigated. Over H-BEA, biphenyl product was observed. It is suggested, that the larger pore size of H-BEA facilitates coupling of two phenol molecules. Two distinct reaction mechanisms are proposed for acid and redox catalysts.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Catalysis Zeolites Phenol Hydroxylation Redox Pore size 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerry Pui Ho Li
    • 1
  • Eric Kennedy
    • 1
  • Michael Stockenhuber
    • 1
  1. 1.PRCfE, Chemical Engineering, School of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built EnvironmentUniversity of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia

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