Oxidative Coupling and Hydroxylation of Phenol over Transition Metal and Acidic Zeolites: Insights into Catalyst Function
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Reaction of phenol with hydrogen peroxide over H-MFI, Fe-MFI, H-BEA, Fe-BEA and TS-1 zeolite catalysts was investigated. Over H-BEA, biphenyl product was observed. It is suggested, that the larger pore size of H-BEA facilitates coupling of two phenol molecules. Two distinct reaction mechanisms are proposed for acid and redox catalysts.