Advertisement

Catalysis Letters

, Volume 134, Issue 1–2, pp 78–86 | Cite as

The Synergistic Effects of Two Co-catalysts on Zn2GeO4 on Photocatalytic Water Splitting

  • Baojun Ma
  • Fuyu Wen
  • Hongfu Jiang
  • Jinhui Yang
  • Pinliang Ying
  • Can Li
Article

Abstract

Zinc orthogermanate was prepared via a hydrothermal method and a remarkable synergistic effect on the photocatalytic activity for overall water splitting was found for Zn2GeO4 co-loaded with noble metals (Pt, Rh, Pd, Au) and metal oxides (RuO2, IrO2). The photocatalytic activity of Pt-RuO2/Zn2GeO4 for overall water splitting is 2.2 times of Pt/Zn2GeO4 and 3.3 times of RuO2/Zn2GeO4. Photocatalytic half reactions evaluation of water splitting for H2 and O2 productions shows that Pt plays the major roles in H2 production and RuO2 promotes the O2 production. The roles and valence states of co-catalysts and the mechanism of photocatalytic reaction are discussed.

Keywords

Synergistic effect Pt and RuO2 co-catalysts Zn2GeO4 Overall water splitting 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFS, grants 20503040, 20673112). Baojun Ma thanks Xu Zong for the helpful discussion and manuscript revision.

Supplementary material

10562_2009_220_MOESM1_ESM.doc (36 kb)
(DOC 36 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Domen K, Kudo A, Onishi T (1986) J Catal 102:92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Inoue Y, Kubokawa T, Sato K (1991) J Phys Chem 95:4059CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ogura S, Kohno M, Sato K, Inoue Y (1997) Appl Surf Sci 121:521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Inoue Y, Asai Y, Sato K (1994) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 90:797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kohno M, Kaneko T, Ogura S, Sato K, Inoue Y (1998) J Chem Soc Faraday Trans 94:89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Takata T, Furumi Y, Shinohara K, Tanaka A, Hara M, Kondo JN, Domen K (1997) Chem Mater 9:1063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Takata T, Shinohara K, Tanaka A, Hara M, Kondo JN, Domen K (1997) J Photochem Photobiol A 106:45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sayama K, Arakawa H (1993) J Phys Chem 97:531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kudo A, Tanaka A, Domen K, Maruya K, Aika K, Onishi T (1998) J Catal 111:67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kudo A, Kato H, NakaGawa S (2000) J Phys Chem B 104:571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kato H, Kudo A (1999) Catal Lett 58:153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ishihara T, Nishiguchi H, Fukamachi K, Takita Y (1999) J Phys Chem B 103:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kato H, Kudo A (1998) Chem Phys Lett 295:487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kato H, Kudo A (1999) Chem Lett 1027Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sato J, Saito S, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2001) J Phys Chem 105:6061Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sato J, Saito S, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2001) Chem Lett 868Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sato J, Saito S, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2002) J Photochem Photobiol A 148:85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ikarashi K, Sato J, Kobayashi H, Saito S, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2002) J Phys Chem 106:9048Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sato J, Kobayashi H, Saito S, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2002) J Photochem Photobiol A 158:139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sato J, Saito S, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:7965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sato J, Kobayashi H, Inoue Y (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:7970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sato J, Kobayashi H, Ikarashi K, Saito N, Nishiyama H, Inoue Y (2004) J Phys Chem B 108:4369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sato J, Saito N, Yamada Y, Maeda K, Takata T, Kondo JN, Hara M, Kobayashi H, Domen K, Inoue Y (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:4150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lee Y, Terashima H, Shimodaira Y, Teramura K, Hara M, Kobayashi H, Domen K, Yashima M (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sanada T, Yamamoto K, Wada N, Kojima K (2006) Thin Solid Films 496:169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Thompson TL, Yates JT Jr (2006) Chem Rev 106:4428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lei Z, Ma G, Liu M, You W, Yan H, Wu G, Takata T, Hara M, Domen K, Li C (2006) J Catal 237:322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chun W, Ishikawa A, Fujisawa H, Takata T, Kondo JN, Hara M, Kawai M, Matsumoto Y, Domen K (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:1798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ma G, Yan H, Shi J, Zong X, Lei Z, Li C (2008) J Catal 260:134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Linsebigler A, Rusu C, Yates JT Jr (1996) J Am Chem Soc 118:5284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kalyanasundaram K, Graetzel M (1979) Angew Chem Int Ed 18:701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Gao Y, Åkermark T, Liu J, Sun L, Åkermark B (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:8726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Duonghong D, Borgarello E, Graetzel M (1981) J Am Chem Soc 103:4685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Duan L, Fischer A, Xu Y, Sun L (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:10397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Sakata T, Hashimoto K, Kawai T (1984) J Phys Chem 88:5214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mills A, Lee SK (2003) Platinum metals Rev 47:2Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Tsuji I, Kato H, Kudo A (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed 44:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Liu M, You W, Lei Z, Zhou G, Yang J, Wu G, Ma G, Luan G, Takata T, Hara M, Domen K, Li C (2004) Chem Commun 2192Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Maeda K, Teramura K, Lu D, Takata T, Saito N, Inoue Y, Domen K (2006) J Phys Chem B 110:13753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Maeda K, Teramura K, Lu D, Takata T, Saito N, Inoue Y, Domen K (2006) Nature 440:295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Borgarello E, Kiwi J, Pelizzetti E, Visca M, Gratzel M (1981) Nature 289:158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kanan MW, Surendranath Y, Nocera DG (2009) Chem Soc Rev 38:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Surendranath Y, Dinca M, Nocera DG (2009) J Am Chem Soc 131:2615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Kim HG, Borse PH, Choi W, Lee JS (2005) Angew Chem Int Ed 117:4661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Sham TK, Hrbek J, Tan KH (1990) Surf Sci 236:259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Zhao XY, Hrbek J, Rodriguez J (2005) A Surf Sci 575:115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Domen K, Kudo A, Onishi T, Kosugi N, Kuroda H (1986) J Phys Chem 90:292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Şen F, Gökağaç G (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:5715CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baojun Ma
    • 1
  • Fuyu Wen
    • 1
  • Hongfu Jiang
    • 1
  • Jinhui Yang
    • 1
  • Pinliang Ying
    • 1
  • Can Li
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesDalianChina

Personalised recommendations