Advertisement

Catalysis Letters

, 128:253 | Cite as

Photocatalytic Reforming of Glycerol over Gold and Palladium as an Alternative Fuel Source

  • Michael Bowker
  • Philip R. Davies
  • Layla Saeed Al-Mazroai
Article

Abstract

The photocatalytic reforming of glycerol to hydrogen over palladium and gold modified TiO2 catalysts is reported. The rate of hydrogen production exceeds that measured for the photoreforming of methanol over both catalysts with the palladium catalyst performing approximately four times better than the gold. The reaction occurs under ambient conditions and neither system suffered from poisoning after extensive testing. This therefore offers a potentially attractive route by which one of the major waste products from the manufacture of biodiesel can be converted into a useful product.

Keywords

Photocatalysis Glycerol Photoreforming TiO2 Gold Palladium 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the Saudi Arabian government for the provision of a studentship to LSAl-M.

References

  1. 1.
    Dasari MA, Kiatsimkul PP, Sutterlin WR, Suppes GJ (2005) Appl Catal Gen 281:225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Douette AMD, Turn SQ, Wang W, Keffer VI (2007) Energy Fuels 21:3499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kondarides DI, Daskalaki VM, Patsoura A, Verykios XE (2008) Catal Lett 122:26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bowker M, James D, Stone P, Bennett R, Perkins N, Millard L, Greaves J, Dickinson A (2003) J Catal 217:427Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Matsuoka M, Kitano M, Takeuchi M, Anpo M, Thomas JM (2005) Top Catal 35:305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Drew K, Girishkumar G, Vinodgopal K, Kamat PV (2005) J Phys Chem B 109:11851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bowker M, Millard L, Greaves J, James D, Soares J (2004) Gold Bull 37:170Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dickinson A, James D, Perkins N, Cassidy T, Bowker M (1999) J Mol Catal Chem 146:211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sobczynski A (1991) Mon Fur Chem 122:645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dickinison AJ (1997) Photocatalytic hydrogen Production. PhD, University of ReadingGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Millard L, Bowker M (2002) J Photochem Photobiol Chem 148:91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sobczynski A, Jakubowska T, Zielinski S (1989) Mon Fur Chem 120:101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Millard L (2003) The photocatalytic production of hydrogen. PhD, University of ReadingGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Al-Mazroai LS, Bowker M, Davies P, Dickinson A, Greaves J, James D, Millard L (2007) Catal Today 122:46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bowker M, Stone P, Bennett R, Perkins N (2002) Surf Sci 497:155CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Bowker
    • 1
  • Philip R. Davies
    • 1
  • Layla Saeed Al-Mazroai
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ChemistryCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations