Isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells from chicken bone marrow
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The bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are multipotent stem cells, which can differentiate in vitro into many cell types. However, the vast majority of experimental materials were obtained from human, mouse, rabbit and other mammals, but rarely in poultry. So, in this study, Thirty- to sixty-day old chicken was chosen as experimental animal, to isolate and characterize BMSCs from them. To investigate the biological characteristics of chicken BMSCs, immunofluorescence and RT-PCR were used to detect the characteristic surface markers of BMSCs. Growth curves were drawn in accordance with cell numbers. To assess the differentiation capacity of the BMSCs, cells were induced to differentiate into osteoblasts, adipocytes, and endothelial cells. The surface markers of BMSCs, CD29, CD44, CD31, CD34, CD71 and CD73, were detected by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR assays. The growth curves of different passages were all typically sigmoidal. Karyotype analysis showed that these in vitro cultured cells were genetically stable. In addition, BMSCs were successfully induced to differentiate into osteoblasts, adipocytes, and endothelial cells. The results suggest that the BMSCs isolated from chicken possess similar biological characteristics with those separated from other species, and their multi-lineage differentiation potentiality herald a probable application for cellular transplant therapy in tissue engineering.