Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 641–654 | Cite as

Peer Support in the Homeless Youth Context: Requirements, Design, and Outcomes

  • Sean A. KiddEmail author
  • Nina Vitopoulos
  • Tyler Frederick
  • Mardi Daley
  • Kamika Peters
  • Khaled Clarc
  • Sue Cohen
  • Rose Gutierrez
  • Scott Leon
  • Kwame McKenzie


Peer support has a lengthy history in health and community services with particular prominence in areas such as addictions and mental health services. This growth in emphasis and evidence has not been mirrored in the area of youth peer support broadly nor peer support among homeless youth specifically. This situation has persisted despite the growing emphasis on youth lived experience engagement—including peer support. This paucity of literature framed the rationale for the present paper that provides a description of the structure, processes, and preliminary outcomes of an intentional peer support program delivered in the context of tertiary prevention of youth homelessness in a large Canadian urban setting. Pre-post findings for a cohort of 28 youth are reported in key mental health and community engagement domains and qualitative data from interviews with participants, peer supports, and staff are presented. These findings suggest that peer support would seem to be both a feasible and potentially impactful part of the repertoire of interventions from service to policy levels that are needed to address the complex and persistent global problem of youth homelessness. While promising, our work also suggests that peer support cannot be an afterthought-type element of programming but must be robust in process and structure to facilitate improvement for service recipients, the wellness of the peers, and the benefits for the team as a whole that results from effective peer engagement.


Homeless Youth Peer support Participatory Services 



This work was supported from grants from the Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services and by the Government of Ontario Local Poverty Reduction Fund administered by the Ontario Trillium Foundation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean A. Kidd
    • 1
    • 7
    Email author
  • Nina Vitopoulos
    • 2
  • Tyler Frederick
    • 3
  • Mardi Daley
    • 4
  • Kamika Peters
    • 5
  • Khaled Clarc
    • 4
  • Sue Cohen
    • 5
  • Rose Gutierrez
    • 5
  • Scott Leon
    • 6
  • Kwame McKenzie
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  3. 3.University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyOshawaCanada
  4. 4.LOFT Community ServicesTorontoCanada
  5. 5.SKETCHTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Wellesley InstituteTorontoCanada
  7. 7.Psychology DivisionCentre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada

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