Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

, Volume 22, Issue 5–6, pp 417–439 | Cite as

A Multi-Outcome Evaluation of an Independent Living Program



This study evaluated an Independent Living (IL) program targeting foster youths in Florida. The IL group composed of 49 young adults, and the comparison group of 18 young adults was utilized. Data were collected via a mailed survey and case record reviews. Results suggest that IL program participation is associated with better educational, employment, income, housing, early parenting-prevention, transportation, anger control, criminal-prevention, and self-evaluation outcomes. However, IL participation is not associated with better social support, perceived parenting competence, substance abuse-prevention, sexual risk-prevention outcomes, increased knowledge in money management skills, job seeking and job maintenance skills, interpersonal skills, or lower depression. Implications are discussed for program design and future research.


Foster Care Foster Parent Independent Live Child Welfare System Criminal Involvement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author wishes to acknowledge the assistance of Dr. David Cohen, Dr. Mike Jerin, and Dr. Miriam Potocky-Tripodi, who critically reviewed earlier drafts of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkSt. Ambrose UniversityDavenportUSA

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