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Cybernetics and Systems Analysis

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 701–713 | Cite as

Principles of Organization of the Human Eye Retina and Their Use in Computer Vision Systems

  • V. P. BoyunEmail author
  • L. O. Voznenko
  • I. F. Malkush
CYBERNETICS
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

This paper provides a summary of principles of organization of the human eye retina. The following principles are considered: locality during interacting neurons, ring organization of receptive fields with on- and off-centers (center-surround organization), specialization of neuron layers, organization of feedbacks, adaptation to lighting and contrast levels, and data volume reduction in a video stream. It is shown that the perfect organization of the human retina being used as a prototype allows to significantly improve technical characteristics of computer vision systems. The results of this research were used in creating a family of intelligent video cameras and a number of systems based on them and also in constructing specialized neural networks for primary information processing directly on a sensor matrix.

Keywords

retina rod cell cone cell horizontal cell bipolar cell amacrine cell ganglion cell on-center off-center neural network video sensor control of parameters of reading information intelligent video camera multilayer matrix structure 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.V. M. Glushkov Institute of CyberneticsNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine

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