For multivariant Wright–Fisher models in population genetics, we introduce equilibrium states, expressed by fluctuations of probability ratio, in contrast to the traditionally used fluctuations, expressed by the difference between the current value of the random process and its equilibrium value. Then the drift component of the dynamic process of gene frequencies, primarily expressed as a ratio of two quadratic forms, is transformed into a cubic parabola with a certain normalization factor.
Wright–Fisher model population genetics evolutionary process equilibrium state fluctuations of probability ratio
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