Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 301–309 | Cite as

Impact of Statins on the Coagulation Status of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Evaluated by a Novel Thrombin-Generation Assay

  • P. FerroniEmail author
  • D. Della-Morte
  • A. Pileggi
  • M. G. Valente
  • F. Martini
  • F. La Farina
  • R. Palmirotta
  • L. F. Meneghini
  • T. Rundek
  • C. Ricordi
  • F. Guadagni



Dyslipidemia is common in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) by exacerbating atherosclerosis and hypercoagulability. Statins can stabilize atherosclerotic plaque and reduce prothrombotic status. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the coagulation activity and the effect of statins on procoagulant state of T2D patients using a novel activated protein C (APC)-dependent thrombin-generation assay.


Procoagulant status (by HemosIL ThromboPath (ThP) assay) and in vivo platelet activation (by plasma soluble (s)CD40L levels) were analyzed in a retrospective, cross-sectional study of 198 patients with long-standing T2D and 198 controls.


Procoagulant status of T2D patients was enhanced when compared to control subjects (p < 0.0001). Similarly, sCD40L levels were increased in T2D (p < 0.0001). When testing ThP as the dependent variable in a multivariate regression model, sCD40L (p < 0.0001) and statin treatment (p = 0.019) were independent predictors of the procoagulant state of T2D patients. Subgroup analysis showed a significant improvement of coagulability in T2D patients on statins (p = 0.012).


The use of a standardized, easy-to-run, and commercially available APC-dependent thrombin-generation assay detected the presence of a procoagulant status in a large series of patients with long-standing T2D and demonstrated a significant impact of statins in the coagulation status of patients with T2D.

Key words

Haemostasis Type 2 Diabetes Dyslipidemia Lipid-Lowering Drugs 



This work was partially supported by the Italian Ministry of Health Grant ACC-WP 3/1b and MERIT RBNE08NKH7. The authors wish to thank Francesco De Angelis and Vincenzino Perrone (InterInstitutional Multidisciplinary BioBank, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Advanced Biotechnologies, IRCCS San Raffaele, Rome, Italy), for their excellent technical assistance.

Declaration of Competing Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Ferroni
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Della-Morte
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. Pileggi
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  • M. G. Valente
    • 2
  • F. Martini
    • 1
  • F. La Farina
    • 1
  • R. Palmirotta
    • 1
  • L. F. Meneghini
    • 5
  • T. Rundek
    • 4
  • C. Ricordi
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
  • F. Guadagni
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Laboratory Medicine and Advanced BiotechnologiesIRCCS San Raffaele PisanaRomeItaly
  2. 2.InterInstitutional Multidisciplinary Biobank (BioBIM)IRCCS San RaffaeleRomeItaly
  3. 3.Diabetes Research InstituteRomeItaly
  4. 4.Department of Neurology, Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  5. 5.Diabetes Research InstituteUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  6. 6.DeWitt-Daughtry Department of Surgery, Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  7. 7.Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  8. 8.Department of Medicine, Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA

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