Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibition Improves Endothelial Dysfunction Induced by Hyperhomocysteinemia in Rats
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We investigated the possible protective effect of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition in preventing endothelial dysfunction induced by hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy).
Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into Hhcy group, Hhcy + 3-aminobenzamide(3-AB) group, control group and control + 3-AB group. A high-methionine diet was given to induce hyperhomocysteinemia. In Hhcy + 3-AB and control + 3-AB groups, rats were injected intraperitoneally with 3-AB (inhibitor of PARP). After 45 days, ultrastructural changes of aortas were observed by transmission electron microscope. Vascular reactivity of thoracic aortic rings was measured in organ chambers. PARP activity was detected. The levels of plasma total homocysteine, nitrite/nitrate, endothelin (ET)-1 and malondialdehyde were assayed.
Rats in Hhcy group developed severe hyperhomocysteinemia and significant loss of endothelial function as measured by both vascular rings and levels of nitrite/nitrate and ET-1. Malondialdehyde levels increased significantly in Hhcy rats compared with control rats. 3-AB improved Ach-induced, NO-mediated vascular relaxation and stabilized the level of nitrite/nitrate and ET-1. Obvious improvement of ultrastructure can be observed in Hhcy + 3-AB group.
These results suggest that pharmacological inhibition of PARP prevents the development of endothelial dysfunction in rats with hyperhomocysteinemia which may represent a novel approach to improve vascular dysfunction associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.