Advertisement

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

, Volume 54, Issue 9–10, pp 751–759 | Cite as

Development of a Method of Determining the Component Composition of the Working Fluid of Low-Temperature Throttling Refrigeration Machines Operating with Multicomponent Mixtures of Coolants

  • E. G. BychkovEmail author
  • B. A. Makarov
  • A. A. Zherdev
Article
  • 7 Downloads

The article presents a description of a new method of calculation by means of which the distribution of the temperature of a mixture of coolants along the working circuit of a low-temperature refrigerating machine may be calculated to a first approximation and the quantitative composition of a charge mixture of coolants determined for a given composition of the circulating mixture of coolants.

Keywords

low-temperature refrigerating machines mixture of coolants quantitative determination of composition of mixed coolant cryoconservation 

References

  1. 1.
    V. M. Brodyanskii and A. M. Semenov, Thermodynamic Foundations of Cryogenic Technology [in Russian], Energiya, Moscow (1980).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. K. Lavrenchenko, Development of Efficient Multicomponent Working Fluids and the Creation of Throttling Compressor Refrigerating Systems Based on These Working Fluids [in Russian], Author’s Summary of Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Technical Sciences, OIIMF, Odessa (1985).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Yu. Boyarskii, A. I. Lunin, and V. I. Mogorychnyi, Characteristics of Cryogenic Systems when Functioning with Mixtures [in Russian], edited by V. M. Brodyanskii, Moscow Energy Institute, Moscow (1990).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. M. Brodyanskii and A. K. Grezin, Increasing the efficiency of low-temperature refrigeration machines, Kholod. Tekhnika, No. 3, 1–6 (1973).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. K. Lavrenchenko, S. V. Kotenko, S. A. Zubrilin, et al., “Features of the energy characteristics of throttling compression cooling systems for cryostatic control over a broad range of temperatures,” Kholod. Tekhnika i Tekhnologiya, vyp. 46, 23–28 (1988).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. S. Krotov, An Investigation of the Dynamic Characteristics of Steam Compressor Refrigerating Machines Functioning with Multicomponent Mixtures of Coolants [in Russian], Dissertation for the Degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences, Bauman Moscow State Technical University (2011).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. S. Navasardyan, Development and Investigation of Throttling Systems for Cooling of Biological Materials at a Temperature of –70°C [in Russian], Dissertation for the Degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences, Bauman Moscow State Technical University (2003).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Theoretical and experimental investigations of optimization of the composition of the working fluid of a low-temperature refrigeration machine at a temperature level –100°C — –110°C, NIOKR Report of AO TsNII Course on the Subject: Development and Creation of Chamber to Maintain Lengthy Storage of Medical and Biological Compounds and Production Center of Enterprises Specializing in the Field of Marine Instrument Design [in Russian], Code: Cryoplasm, State Registration No. 87586 (2004), 54 pp.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. Pang, J. Liu, and X. Xu, “A strategy to optimize the charge amount of the mixed refrigerant for the Joule–Thomson cooler,” Inter. J. Refrigeration, 69, 466–478 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N. Lakshmi Narasimhan and G. Venkatarathnam, “A method for estimating the composition of the mixture to be charged to get the desired composition in circulation in a single stage JT refrigerator operating with mixtures,” Cryogenics, 50 (2), 93–101 (2010).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. I. Yakovlev, E. G. Bychkov, B. A. Makarov, and Ya. V. Samokhvalov, “Results of theoretical and experimental investigations of a refrigeration machine for an ultra-low-temperature medical freezer for maintaining cryoconservation and long-term storage of medical and biological compounds,” Probl. Razvitiya Korabel. Vooruzh. i Sudov. Radioelek. Oborudovaniya, No. 3 (8), 51–59 (2016).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. G. Bychkov, Ya. V. Samokhvalov, S. G. Starostin, and A. A. Kovalev, “Development and investigation of low-productivity refrigeration machines functioning with multicomponent mixtures of coolants for the solution of problems of cryostatic control at the temperature level 180–120 K,” Probl. Razvitiya Korabel. Vooruzh. i Sudov. Radioelek. Oborudovaniya, No. 1 (10), 49–54 (2017).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. G. Bychkov
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. A. Makarov
    • 1
  • A. A. Zherdev
    • 2
  1. 1.AO TsNII KursMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Bauman Moscow State Technical UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations