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The relationship between atherogenic index of plasma and no-reflow in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention

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Abstract

Because the phenomenon of no reflow has a poor prognosis in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has been shown to be a strong predictor of coronary heart disease, we aimed to investigate the relationship between AIP and no-reflow in patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 763 consecutive STEMI patients (648 men; mean age 58 ± 12 years) who underwent primary PCI were recruited for this study. The patients were classified into a reflow group (n = 537) and a no-reflow group (n = 226) according to the postprocedural angiographic features of thrombolysis in the myocardial infarction flow of the infarct-related artery. The AIP value was significantly higher in the no-reflow group than in the reflow group [0.50 (0.38–0.65) vs. 0.39 (0.25–0.49) p < .001], and AIP was found to be an independent predictor of no-reflow development. The best cut-off value of AIP for predicting no-reflow was 0.54, with sensitivity of 46.02 and specificity of 84,73. In addition, the predictive power of AIP was greater than that of triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol based on a receiver operator curve comparison. The AIP was independently associated with no-reflow in patients with STEMI after primary PCI. This might be a superior indicator compared to traditional lipid profiles.

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Correspondence to Muhammed Süleymanoğlu.

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Süleymanoğlu, M., Rencüzoğulları, İ., Karabağ, Y. et al. The relationship between atherogenic index of plasma and no-reflow in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging (2020) doi:10.1007/s10554-019-01766-8

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Keywords

  • No-reflow
  • Atherogenic index of plasma
  • St-segment elevation myocardial infarction
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention