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The left atrial function is transiently impaired in Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy and associated to in-hospital complications: a prospective study using two-dimensional strain

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Abstract

Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is characterized by the presence of transient left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Whether left atrial (LA) function is also impaired in this setting is unclear. To assess prospectively LA peak systolic longitudinal strain (LAS) by two-dimensional strain at the acute phase of TTC and after recovery and its association with in-hospital complications. 40 patients with typical TTC (mean age 79.5 ± 10 years) underwent transthoracic-Doppler echocardiography at the acute phase and at follow-up (32 ± 18 days later), including the measurement of the LAS (mean of maximal strain from the 4–2 chamber views). A control group of 15 patients (75 ± 7 years, 13 women) without overt cardiovascular disease served as a comparative group. In-hospital complication was a composite of death, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, LV thrombus, and sustained ventricular arrhythmia. In the TTC group, LAS improved significantly between the two examinations from 15 ± 5.5% to 27 ± 8% (p < 0.01) whereas LA volume did not change (p = NS). In the control group LAS was 30 ± 4% (p < 0.01 vs. TTC acute phase, p = NS vs. TTC follow-up). In TTC, at the acute phase LAS was independently correlated to LV global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), and after recovery to E/e′, and the change of LAS was independently correlated to the change of the LVGLS (all, p < 0.01). Furthermore LAS was independently correlated to in-hospital complications (p < 0.01). LA function (reservoir) is transiently impaired in TTC and associated to in-hospital complications. Furthermore, the improvement of LAS parallel the dynamic improvement of LVGLS suggests that TTC induces a transient global left heart dysfunction.

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All authors contributed to the study and approved the manuscript.

Correspondence to P. Meimoun.

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The study have been approved by the local ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Meimoun, P., Stracchi, V., Boulanger, J. et al. The left atrial function is transiently impaired in Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy and associated to in-hospital complications: a prospective study using two-dimensional strain. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 36, 299–307 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-019-01722-6

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Keywords

  • Tako-tsubo
  • Left atrial strain
  • Speckle tracking-complications