Focused cardiac ultrasound as a predictor of readmission in acute decompensated heart failure

  • Luke J. Laffin
  • Amit V. Patel
  • Narayan Saha
  • Julian Barbat
  • James K. Hall
  • Matthew Cain
  • Kishan Parikh
  • Jay Shah
  • Kirk T. SpencerEmail author
Original Paper


Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a common reason for admission to the hospital, and readmission is frequent. Multiple factors contribute to rehospitalizations, but inadequate assessment of volume status leading to persistent congestion is an important factor. We sought to determine if focused cardiac ultrasound (FCU) of the inferior vena cava (IVC), as a surrogate of volume status, would predict readmission of ADHF patients after index hospitalization. Patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of ADHF were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent FCU of the IVC on admission and then daily. 82 patients were enrolled. Patients demonstrated improvement in heart failure physical examination findings and symptoms during the hospitalization. There was a reduction in the size of the IVC and a significant increase in patients with small collapsible vena cava. Logistic regression analysis of physical examination, patient symptoms, and IVC parameters at discharge demonstrated IVC collapsibility and patient reported dyspnea improvement as the only significant variables to predict readmission or emergency department visit. FCU assessment of IVC size and collapsibility may be useful in patients with ADHF to predict risk of being readmitted within 30 days of hospital discharge.


Focused cardiac ultrasound Inferior vena cava Hospital readmission Congestive heart failure 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the author’s Institutional Review Board and performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.


There is no external funding to report.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luke J. Laffin
    • 1
  • Amit V. Patel
    • 1
  • Narayan Saha
    • 1
  • Julian Barbat
    • 1
  • James K. Hall
    • 1
  • Matthew Cain
    • 1
  • Kishan Parikh
    • 1
  • Jay Shah
    • 1
  • Kirk T. Spencer
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Section of Cardiology, Department of MedicineUniversity of Chicago Medical CenterChicagoUSA

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