Transient Pressure Fluctuation Effect During Gas Drilling in Horizontal Well
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Combining gas drilling technology with horizontal well drilling leads to improvement in production in oil and gas reservoirs. However, wellbore gas encountering high-pressure formation gas could bring substantial risks in gas drilling process. A theoretical model for pressure wave speed and attenuation coefficient in gaseous phase flow is established and analytically solved by classic fluid-mechanics model and small perturbation theory. The simulation results suggest that the main factors affecting the pressure wave are angular frequency, pipe diameter, and original pressure. In addition, a pressure wave test device is designed to validate the model, and the experimental results fit well with the simulation results. The work presented in this paper can provide a theoretical basis for horizontal section gas drilling and can also detect gas influx to ensure safety and prevent accidents.
KeywordsGas drilling horizontal well pressure fluctuation wave speed attenuation coefficient
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