Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 23, Issue 8, pp 1279–1288

Gastrectomy and risk of pancreatic cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

  • Yuanfeng Gong
  • Quanbo Zhou
  • Yu Zhou
  • Qing Lin
  • Bing Zeng
  • Rufu Chen
  • Zhihua Li
Original paper

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the association between gastrectomy and risk of pancreatic cancer (PaC).

Methods

We identified eligible studies in Medline and EMBASE up to 11 February 2012 and the reference lists of original studies and review articles on this topic. Summary relative risks with their 95 % confidence intervals were calculated with a random-effects model. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed using Cochran Q and I2 statistics.

Results

Fifteen studies (11 case–control studies and 4 cohort studies) met eligibility criteria. The current data suggest that gastrectomy is associated with a 54 % excess risk of PaC (SRRs = 1.54; 95 % CI, 1.25–1.90; test for heterogeneity Q = 17.94, p < 0.001, I2 = 22 %). There was no publication bias in the present meta-analysis.

Conclusion

A significant increased risk of PaC exists in patients who have undergone gastrectomy, particularly those receiving Billroth II resection with a long postoperative interval.

Keywords

Gastrectomy Pancreatic cancer Systematic review Meta-analysis Relative risks 

Abbreviations

PaC

Pancreatic cancer

OR

Odds ratio

RR

Relative risk

HR

Hazard ratio

SRRs

Summary relative risks

CI

Confidence intervals

BMI

Body mass index

DM

Diabetes mellitus

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuanfeng Gong
    • 1
  • Quanbo Zhou
    • 1
  • Yu Zhou
    • 1
  • Qing Lin
    • 1
  • Bing Zeng
    • 1
  • Rufu Chen
    • 1
  • Zhihua Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial HospitalSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial HospitalSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

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