Height at diagnosis and birth-weight as risk factors for osteosarcoma
Osteosarcoma typically occurs during puberty. Studies of the association between height and/or birth-weight and osteosarcoma are conflicting. Therefore, we conducted a large pooled analysis of height and birth-weight in osteosarcoma.
Patient data from seven studies of height and three of birth-weight were obtained, resulting in 1,067 cases with height and 434 cases with birth-weight data. We compared cases to the 2000 US National Center for Health Statistics Growth Charts by simulating 1,000 age- and gender-matched controls per case. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between height or birth-weight and risk of osteosarcoma for each study were estimated using logistic regression. All of the case data were combined for an aggregate analysis.
Compared to average birth-weight subjects (2,665–4,045 g), individuals with high birth-weight (≥4,046 g) had an increased osteosarcoma risk (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.01–1.79). Taller than average (51st–89th percentile) and very tall individuals (≥90th percentile) had an increased risk of osteosarcoma (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.18–1.54 and OR 2.60, 95% CI 2.19–3.07, respectively; Ptrend < 0.0001).
This is the largest analysis of height at diagnosis and birth-weight in relation to osteosarcoma. It suggests that rapid bone growth during puberty and in utero contributes to OS etiology.
KeywordsOsteosarcoma Height Birth-weight Meta-analysis Epidemiology
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