Cancer Causes & Control

, 22:899 | Cite as

Height at diagnosis and birth-weight as risk factors for osteosarcoma

  • Lisa Mirabello
  • Ruth Pfeiffer
  • Gwen Murphy
  • Najat C. Daw
  • Ana Patiño-Garcia
  • Rebecca J. Troisi
  • Robert N. Hoover
  • Chester Douglass
  • Joachim Schüz
  • Alan W. Craft
  • Sharon A. Savage
Original paper

Abstract

Objectives

Osteosarcoma typically occurs during puberty. Studies of the association between height and/or birth-weight and osteosarcoma are conflicting. Therefore, we conducted a large pooled analysis of height and birth-weight in osteosarcoma.

Methods

Patient data from seven studies of height and three of birth-weight were obtained, resulting in 1,067 cases with height and 434 cases with birth-weight data. We compared cases to the 2000 US National Center for Health Statistics Growth Charts by simulating 1,000 age- and gender-matched controls per case. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for associations between height or birth-weight and risk of osteosarcoma for each study were estimated using logistic regression. All of the case data were combined for an aggregate analysis.

Results

Compared to average birth-weight subjects (2,665–4,045 g), individuals with high birth-weight (≥4,046 g) had an increased osteosarcoma risk (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.01–1.79). Taller than average (51st–89th percentile) and very tall individuals (≥90th percentile) had an increased risk of osteosarcoma (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.18–1.54 and OR 2.60, 95% CI 2.19–3.07, respectively; Ptrend < 0.0001).

Conclusions

This is the largest analysis of height at diagnosis and birth-weight in relation to osteosarcoma. It suggests that rapid bone growth during puberty and in utero contributes to OS etiology.

Keywords

Osteosarcoma Height Birth-weight Meta-analysis Epidemiology 

Supplementary material

10552_2011_9763_MOESM1_ESM.doc (639 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 639 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. (outside the USA) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa Mirabello
    • 1
    • 9
  • Ruth Pfeiffer
    • 1
  • Gwen Murphy
    • 1
  • Najat C. Daw
    • 2
  • Ana Patiño-Garcia
    • 3
  • Rebecca J. Troisi
    • 1
    • 4
  • Robert N. Hoover
    • 1
  • Chester Douglass
    • 5
  • Joachim Schüz
    • 6
    • 7
  • Alan W. Craft
    • 8
  • Sharon A. Savage
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and GeneticsNational Cancer Institute, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Oncology, St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, and Department of PediatricsUniversity of Tennessee, College of MedicineMemphisUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsLaboratory of Pediatrics, Pediatric Oncology UnitUniversity Clinic of NavarraPamplonaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Community and Family MedicineDartmouth Medical SchoolLebanonUSA
  5. 5.Department of EpidemiologyHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  6. 6.Institute of Cancer EpidemiologyDanish Cancer SocietyCopenhagenDenmark
  7. 7.Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Johannes Gutenberg-University of MainzMainzGermany
  8. 8.Department of Child HealthUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon TyneUK
  9. 9.Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and GeneticsNational Cancer Institute, NIHRockvilleUSA

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