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Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 21, Issue 10, pp 1597–1604 | Cite as

Flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and the risk of stomach cancer

  • Marta RossiEmail author
  • Valentina Rosato
  • Cristina Bosetti
  • Pagona Lagiou
  • Maria Parpinel
  • Paola Bertuccio
  • Eva Negri
  • Carlo La Vecchia
Original paper

Abstract

Flavonoids have been suggested to be responsible for the potential beneficial properties of fruit and vegetables on stomach cancer risk. To provide further information on flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and gastric cancer risk, we analyzed data from a case–control study conducted in Italy. Subjects were 230 cases with incident, histologically confirmed gastric cancer and 547 frequency-matched controls, admitted to the same hospitals of cases for acute, non-neoplastic conditions. Subjects were interviewed using a reproducible and valid food frequency questionnaire. We estimated the odds ratios (ORs) of gastric cancer and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using unconditional logistic regression models including terms for major recognized gastric cancer risk factors. The ORs of the highest quintile of intake compared to the lowest were below unity for all classes of flavonoids, in the absence, however, of significant associations. Strong inverse relations were found for proanthocyanidins. The OR was 0.44 (95% CI, 0.25–0.76) for monomers and dimers combined and 0.36 (95% CI, 0.21–0.63) for polymers with three or more mers. Further adjustment for fruit and vegetables, or vitamin C, did not materially change these associations. This is the first epidemiological study to suggest that dietary proanthocyanidins have a favorable role on gastric cancer risk.

Keywords

Flavonoids Proanthocyanidins Stomach cancer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was conducted with the contribution of the Italian Association of Cancer Research (AIRC) and the Italian League against Cancer. The work in this paper was partially supported by ASSOMELA. Paola Bertuccio was supported by a fellowship from the Italian Foundation for Cancer Research (FIRC). The authors thank Mrs. Ivana Garimoldi for editorial assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta Rossi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Valentina Rosato
    • 1
  • Cristina Bosetti
    • 1
  • Pagona Lagiou
    • 3
  • Maria Parpinel
    • 4
    • 5
  • Paola Bertuccio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eva Negri
    • 1
  • Carlo La Vecchia
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di EpidemiologiaIstituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri”MilanItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Medicina del Lavoro “Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto”, Sezione di Statistica Medica e Biometria “GA Maccacaro”Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical StatisticsUniversity of Athens Medical SchoolAthensGreece
  4. 4.Unità di Epidemiologia e BiostatisticaCentro di Riferimento OncologicoAviano (PN)Italy
  5. 5.Istituto di Igiene ed EpidemiologiaUniversita’ degli Studi di UdineUdineItaly

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