Association of common polymorphisms in IL10, and in other genes related to inflammatory response and obesity with colorectal cancer
Objective and methods
The association of 17 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL10 and other immune response genes (CRP, TLR4, IL6, IL1B, IL8, TNF, RNASEL) and genes related to obesity (PPARG, TCF7L2, ADIPOQ, LEP) with colorectal cancer was investigated. Haplotype tagging SNPs were chosen for IL10, CRP, and TLR4. Incident colorectal cancer cases (n = 208) and matched controls (n = 381) were identified between baseline in 1989 and 2003 among participants in the CLUE II cohort. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using conditional logistic regression.
Compared with the AA genotype at the candidate IL10-1082 locus (rs1800896), carrying one (OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.53–1.18) or two (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.35–0.95) G alleles, a known higher producer of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, was associated with lower risk of colorectal cancer (p trend = 0.03). Statistically significant associations with colorectal cancer were observed for three tagSNPs in IL10 (rs1800890, rs3024496, rs3024498) and one common haplotype, but these associations were due to high linkage disequilibrium with IL10-1082. Two CRP haplotypes (global p = 0.04) and TLR4 tagSNPs (rs7873784, rs11536891), but not TLR4 haplotypes, were associated with colorectal cancer.
Our study suggests that polymorphisms in IL10, and also possibly in CRP and other genes related to immune response or obesity may be associated with colorectal cancer.
KeywordsInflammation Obesity Colorectal cancer Genetic epidemiology Prospective study
We appreciate the continued efforts of the staff members at the Johns Hopkins George W. Comstock Center for Public Health Research and Prevention in the conduct of the CLUE II study.
This research was supported by a grant from the American Institute for Cancer Research. Konstantinos Tsilidis was funded by a J. William Fulbright grant and a scholarship from the Hellenic State Scholarships Foundation.
- 24.Crawley E, Kay R, Sillibourne J, Patel P, Hutchinson I, Woo P (1999) Polymorphic haplotypes of the interleukin-10 5′ flanking region determine variable interleukin-10 transcription and are associated with particular phenotypes of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 42:1101–1108CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 56.Ferrari SL, Ahn-Luong L, Garnero P, Humphries SE, Greenspan SL (2003) Two promoter polymorphisms regulating interleukin-6 gene expression are associated with circulating levels of C-reactive protein and markers of bone resorption in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:255–259CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar