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Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 469–480 | Cite as

Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages and Risk of Lung Cancer: Results from Two Case–control Studies in Montreal, Canada

  • Andrea BenedettiEmail author
  • Marie-Elise Parent
  • Jack Siemiatycki
Original Paper

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the association between consumption of alcoholic beverages and lung cancer risk.

Methods

Data were collected in two population-based case–control studies, conducted in Montreal (Study I – mid-1980s and Study II – mid-1990s). Study I included 699 cases and 507 controls, all males; Study II included 1094 cases and 1468 controls, males and females. In each study group (Study I men, Study II men and Study II women) odds ratios (OR) were estimated for the associations between beer, wine or spirits consumption and lung cancer, while carefully adjusting for smoking and other covariates. The reference category included abstainers and occasional drinkers.

Results

For Study I men, lung cancer risk increased with the average number of beers/week consumed (for 1–6 beers/week: OR=1.2, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.9–1.7; for ≥7 beers/week: OR=1.5, 95% CI: 1.1–2.1). For Study II men, beer consumption appeared harmful only among subjects with low fruit and vegetable consumption. In Study II, wine consumers had low lung cancer risk, particularly those reporting 1–6 glasses/week (women: OR=0.3, 95% CI: 0.2–0.4; men: OR=0.6, 95% CI: 0.4–0.8).

Conclusions

Beer consumption increased lung cancer risk, particularly so among men who had relatively low fruit and vegetable consumption. Moderate wine drinkers had decreased lung cancer risk.

Keywords

Alcohol drinking Lung neoplasms Case–control studies 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The fieldwork was supervised by Lesley Richardson. This study was supported by research and personnel support grants from Health Canada, the National Cancer Institute of Canada, the Institut de recherche en santé et sécurité au travail du Québec, the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Benedetti
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Marie-Elise Parent
    • 1
  • Jack Siemiatycki
    • 2
  1. 1.Epidemiology and Biostatistics UnitINRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Université du QuébecMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Département de médecine sociale et préventiveUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada
  3. 3.CRCHUM – Santé des populationsMontrealCanada

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