Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 459–467

Relation of Anthropometric Measurements to Ovarian Cancer Risk in a Population-based Case–control Study (United States)

  • Neeraja B. Peterson
  • Amy Trentham-Dietz
  • Polly A. Newcomb
  • Zhi Chen
  • Tebeb Gebretsadik
  • John M. Hampton
  • Meir J. Stampfer
  • Walter C. Willett
  • Kathleen M. Egan
Original Paper



To examine the relationship between anthropometric measures and ovarian cancer by menopausal status.


We analyzed data from a population-based case–control study comprised of 700 incident cases of epithelial ovarian cancer and 5,943 population controls from Massachusetts and Wisconsin enrolled between 1993 and 2001. In a telephone interview, information was gathered on established ovarian cancer risk factors, as well as adult height and age-specific body weight. Logistic regression was used to estimate multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for body mass index (BMI) throughout life.


Recent BMI had no significant association with ovarian cancer risk (P-trend 0.14 for continuous BMI), after adjustment for age and other ovarian cancer risk factors. However, a non-significant positive association (overall P-trend 0.08) was observed for BMI at age 20; the risk estimate comparing a body mass of >25 kg/m2 to the lowest quintile (≤18.88 kg/m2) was moderately but non-significantly elevated (OR 1.46; 95% CI 0.92, 2.31).


Results of this study suggest that maintenance of a lean body mass, particularly in early adult life, may decrease ovarian cancer risk.


Ovarian neoplasms Body mass index Obesity Risk factors Menopause 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neeraja B. Peterson
    • 1
  • Amy Trentham-Dietz
    • 1
  • Polly A. Newcomb
    • 1
  • Zhi Chen
    • 1
  • Tebeb Gebretsadik
    • 1
  • John M. Hampton
    • 1
  • Meir J. Stampfer
    • 1
  • Walter C. Willett
    • 1
  • Kathleen M. Egan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Public HealthVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA

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