Justice Climate and Workgroup Outcomes: The Role of Coworker Fair Behavior and Workgroup Structure

  • Maureen L. Ambrose
  • Darryl B. RiceEmail author
  • David M. Mayer
Original Paper


Research on justice climate demonstrates a consistent effect on workgroup outcomes such as job satisfaction, commitment, and performance. However, little research considers how justice climate affects these outcomes and when the relationship is stronger or weaker. In an effort to extend the literature on justice climate, we draw on research on other types of organizational climate to suggest justice climate influences the fair behavior of coworkers. Specifically, we propose fair coworker behavior mediates the relationship between justice climate and outcomes. Further, we examine the influence of workgroup structure on this mediated relationship. We examine these relationships in two studies and find support for the mediating effect of fair coworker behavior and the proposed moderated mediation model. Implications of these results for justice and climate research are considered.


Overall justice climate Coworker fair behavior Workgroup structure Workgroup cooperation Workgroup OCB Workgroup deviance Workgroup performance 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that no conflict of interest exists.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maureen L. Ambrose
    • 1
  • Darryl B. Rice
    • 2
    Email author
  • David M. Mayer
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Miami UniversityOxfordUSA
  3. 3.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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