Workplace Spirituality and Unethical Pro-organizational Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction


This study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding about the mechanism that underlies the detrimental effects of workplace spirituality (WPS) dimensions on employee unethical pro-organizational behavior (UPB), directly as well as indirectly, through job satisfaction. Using a sample consisting of 458 employees in various organizations in China, this study reveals that two dimensions of WPS are positively associated with UPB. Also the results of this paper show that each of the three dimensions of WPS has a significant positive relationship with job satisfaction. Furthermore, this study successfully confirms the mediating effect of job satisfaction in the relationship between WPS dimensions and UPB. Finally, theoretical and practical implications, future research directions and limitations of this study are discussed at the end of this research article.

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The author wants to give sincere gratitude to Dr. Gordon. P. Richards (Geneva College, USA) for his scrupulous proofread and helpful comments to this paper. The author also thanks section editor David Wasieleski and three anonymous reviewers for their devoted work and helpful suggestions for this manuscript. This research was supported by China’s Education of Humanities and Social Sciences Research on Planning Fund (18YJA630145), China’s Scholarship Council Fund (201408140015) and China’s Education of Humanities and Social Sciences Research on Youth Fund (18YJC630175).


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Zhang, S. Workplace Spirituality and Unethical Pro-organizational Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction. J Bus Ethics 161, 687–705 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10551-018-3966-3

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  • Workplace spirituality
  • Job satisfaction
  • Unethical pro-organizational behavior
  • Social exchange theory