In the present research, we qualitatively document the process by which spiritual leader and leadership emerge in religion-based organizations. Data from 26 participants in three religion-based organizations revealed three cardinal themes that depict (1) the development of spiritual leader (e.g., embodiment of a spiritual leaderspiritual lifestyle; inspiration) and spiritual leadership (e.g., follower-based leadership), (2) the process of developing a spiritual leader (e.g., interest/calling, personal experiences) and spiritual leadership (e.g., appointment; training), and (3) outcomes of spiritual leader and leadership development (i.e., personal, follower and organizational growth). Based on the results, we propose a model that depicts the phases involved in the development of spiritual leader/leadership in the religion-based workplace. These phases are proposed to impact the outcomes for the leader, followers, and the organization. The implications of our results are discussed.
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Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Low, J.J.Q., Ayoko, O.B. The Emergence of Spiritual Leader and Leadership in Religion-Based Organizations. J Bus Ethics 161, 513–530 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-3954-7
- Spiritual leader/leadership development
- Religion-based organizations and qualitative