Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 132, Issue 2, pp 297–310 | Cite as

Virtuous Leadership: Exploring the Effects of Leader Courage and Behavioral Integrity on Leader Performance and Image

  • Michael E. Palanski
  • Kristin L. Cullen
  • William A. Gentry
  • Chelsea M. Nichols
Original Paper


We examined the relationship between leader behavioral integrity and leader behavioral courage using data from two studies. Results from Study 1, an online experiment, indicated that behavioral manifestations of leader behavioral integrity and situational adversity both have direct main effects on behavioral manifestations of leader courage. Results from Study 2, a multisource field study with practicing executives, indicated that leader behavioral courage fully mediates the effects of leader behavioral integrity on leader performance and leader executive image. Implications of these findings and future directions are discussed.


Courage Behavioral integrity Leadership Job performance Executive image Virtues 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael E. Palanski
    • 1
  • Kristin L. Cullen
    • 2
  • William A. Gentry
    • 2
  • Chelsea M. Nichols
    • 1
  1. 1.Saunders College of BusinessRochester Institute of TechnologyRochesterUSA
  2. 2.Center for Creative LeadershipGreensboroUSA

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