Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 126, Issue 4, pp 663–684

The Impact of Individual Attitudinal and Organisational Variables on Workplace Environmentally Friendly Behaviours

  • Danae Manika
  • Victoria K. Wells
  • Diana Gregory-Smith
  • Michael Gentry

DOI: 10.1007/s10551-013-1978-6

Cite this article as:
Manika, D., Wells, V.K., Gregory-Smith, D. et al. J Bus Ethics (2015) 126: 663. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1978-6


Although research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) has grown steadily, little research has focused on CSR at the individual level. In addition, research on the role of environmental friendly organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) within CSR initiatives is scarce. In response to this gap and recent calls for further research on both individual and organizational variables of employees’ environmentally friendly, or green, behaviors, this article sheds light on the influence of these variables on three types of green employee behaviors simultaneously: recycling, energy savings, and printing reduction. An initial theoretical model identifies both individual (employees’ general environmentally friendly attitudes and the importance of an organization’s environmentally friendly reputation to the employee) and organizational (perceived environmental behavior of an organization and perceived incentives and support from an organization) variables that affect different types of green behaviors as a stepping stone for further research. The results reveal managerial implications and future research directions on the design of effective social marketing interventions that motivate different types of OCBs in the workplace. In particular, the results suggest that creating separate interventions for each type of environmental behavior, as well as for each organization, sector, and type of organization (public vs. private), is necessary. In addition, this research illustrates patterns of attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors by exploring individual and organizational variables and behaviors across seven different organizations belonging to different sectors.


Corporate social responsibility Organizational citizenship behaviors Environmental attitudes Employee environmental behavior Environmental perceptions Organizational incentives Organizational support Social marketing 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danae Manika
    • 1
  • Victoria K. Wells
    • 2
  • Diana Gregory-Smith
    • 3
  • Michael Gentry
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Business & ManagementQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Durham University Business SchoolUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK
  3. 3.Sheffield University Management SchoolUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  4. 4.Global Action PlanLondonUK

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