Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 120, Issue 1, pp 39–63 | Cite as

‘Cursed’ Communities? Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Company Towns and the Mining Industry in Namibia

Article

Abstract

This article examines Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and mining community development, sustainability and viability. These issues are considered focussing on current and former company-owned mining towns in Namibia. Historically company towns have been a feature of mining activity in Namibia. However, the fate of such towns upon mine closure has been and remains controversial. Declining former mining communities and even ghost mining towns can be found across the country. This article draws upon research undertaken in Namibia and considers these issues with reference to three case study communities. This article examines the complexities which surround decision-making about these communities, and the challenges faced in efforts to encourage their sustainability after mining. In this article, mine company engagements through CSR with the development, sustainability and viability of such communities are also critically discussed. The role, responsibilities, and actions of the state in relation to these communities are furthermore reflected upon. Finally, ways forward for these communities are considered.

Keywords

Company towns Corporate Social Responsibility Mining Namibia Sustainable development 

Abbreviations

CDM

Consolidated Diamond Mines

CSDP

Community Sustainable Development Project

CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility

ETSIP

Education and Training Sector Improvement Programme

ICMM

International Council on Mining and Metals

LDC

Long Distance Commuting

MCF

Mine Closure Framework

MMSD

Mining Minerals and Sustainable Development

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation

WSDP

Whole School Development Project

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queen’s University Belfast Management SchoolQueen’s University BelfastBelfastNorthern Ireland, UK

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