Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 118, Issue 2, pp 251–263

Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm Productivity: Evidence from the Chemical Industry in the United States


DOI: 10.1007/s10551-012-1579-9

Cite this article as:
Sun, L. & Stuebs, M. J Bus Ethics (2013) 118: 251. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1579-9


Prior research suggests that participating in corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities can lead to higher future productivity. However, the empirical evidence is still scarce. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between CSR and future firm productivity in the U.S. chemical industry. Specifically, this study examines the relationship between CSR in year t and firm productivity in year (t + 1), (t + 2), and (t + 3). We use Data Envelopment Analysis, a non-parametric method, to measure firm productivity. Results from the regression analysis support a significantly positive relationship between CSR and future firm productivity, suggesting that CSR can lead to higher productivity in the chemical industry. The findings add to the validity of the proposition in prior research.


Corporate social responsibility Firm productivity Chemical industry 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Accounting, Miller College of BusinessBall State UniversityMuncieUSA
  2. 2.Department of Accounting and Business Law, Hankamer School of BusinessBaylor UniversityWacoUSA

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