Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 112, Issue 1, pp 47–57

Whither Stakeholder Theory? A Guide for the Perplexed Revisited


DOI: 10.1007/s10551-012-1231-8

Cite this article as:
Hasnas, J. J Bus Ethics (2013) 112: 47. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1231-8


The nature of stakeholder theory and its fundamental normative prescriptions are the subject of much confusion and academic debate. This article attempts to provide an account of both the fundamental normative implications of stakeholder theory and the theory’s range of application that both stakeholder advocates and critics can agree upon. Using exclusively the language of leading stakeholder theorists, the article identifies the essential prescriptions of the theory and the type of organizations to which stakeholder theory applies in the hope of facilitating effective discussion and evaluation of the normative dimension of stakeholder theory.


Stakeholder theory Agency theory Organizational ethics Labor unions 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Georgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA

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