Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 105, Issue 4, pp 415–428 | Cite as

Ethical Cultures in Large Business Organizations in Brazil, Russia, India, and China

  • Alexandre Ardichvili
  • Douglas Jondle
  • Brenda Kowske
  • Edgard Cornachione
  • Jessica Li
  • Thomas Thakadipuram


This study focuses on comparison of perceptions of ethical business cultures in large business organizations from four largest emerging economies, commonly referred to as the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China), and from the US. The data were collected from more than 13,000 managers and employees of business organizations in five countries. The study found significant differences among BRIC countries, with respondents from India and Brazil providing more favorable assessments of ethical cultures of their organizations than respondents from China and Russia. Overall, highest mean scores were provided by respondents from India, the US, and Brazil. There were significant similarities in ratings between the US and Brazil.


Ethical business culture Business ethics BRICs Brazil Russia India China USA 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandre Ardichvili
    • 1
  • Douglas Jondle
    • 2
  • Brenda Kowske
    • 3
  • Edgard Cornachione
    • 4
  • Jessica Li
    • 5
  • Thomas Thakadipuram
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and DevelopmentUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Center for Ethics Business Cultures, Opus College of BusinessUniversity of St. ThomasMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Kenexa Research InstituteMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.University of Sao PauloAve. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, Sao PauloBrazil
  5. 5.University of North TexasDentonUSA
  6. 6.St. Claret CollegeBangaloreIndia

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