Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 105, Issue 2, pp 175–186 | Cite as

Thoughts on the Evaluation of Corporate Social Performance Through Projects

  • José Salazar
  • Bryan W. HustedEmail author
  • Markus Biehl


Corporate social performance (CSP) has become a widely applied concept, discussed in most large firms’ corporate reports and the academic literature alike. Unfortunately, CSP has largely been employed as a way of demonstrating corporate social responsibility (CSR) in practice, or to justify the business case for CSR in academia by relating some measure of CSP to some measure of financial performance. In this article, we discuss multiple shortcomings to these approaches. We argue that (1) CSR activities need to be managed and measured as projects and aggregated to the business or corporate level using a project portfolio; (2) appropriate measures need to be identified that move away from reporting the firm’s activities toward quantifying actual social outcomes achieved; and (3) given the types of projects prevalent in CSR, statistical evaluation methods common in other fields (ideally, pre-test post-test control group designs, such as used in medicine or propensity score matching for ongoing or past projects) should be employed to properly measure outcomes. We make a first, albeit imperfect, attempt at using such an approach with data collected on behalf of the Patrimonio Hoy project, a well-publicized CSR initiative carried out by Cemex in Mexico. We show that the results from this data reinforce concerns voiced earlier in this article.


Corporate social performance Impact evaluation Measurement issues Project management Propensity score matching 



The authors would like to extend their heartfelt thanks to Cemex and the managers who supported this project and generously provided their time to researchers at various stages in its development. In addition, the authors would like to thank the JBE reviewer who provided substantial guidance to the improvement of this manuscript. The authors alone are responsible for any errors that may remain.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Salazar
    • 1
  • Bryan W. Husted
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Markus Biehl
    • 2
  1. 1.Economics Department/ITESMTecnológico de MonterreyMonterreyMexico
  2. 2.Schulich School of BusinessYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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