Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 105, Issue 1, pp 27–40

Consciousness at Work: A Review of Some Important Values, Discussed from a Buddhist Perspective

Article

Abstract

This article reviews the element of consciousness from a Buddhist and a non-Buddhist (Western) perspective. Within the Buddhist perspective, two practices toward attaining expanded and purified consciousness will be included: the Seven-Point Mind Training and Vipassana. Within the Western perspective, David Hawkins’ works on consciousness will be used as a main guide. In addition, a number of important concepts that contribute to expanded and purified consciousness will be presented. Among these concepts are impermanence, karma, non-harming (ahimsa), ethics, kindness and compassion, mindfulness, right livelihood, charity, interdependence, wholesome view, collaboration, and fairness. This article may be of use to students and workforce members who consider a transdisciplinary approach on human wellbeing in personal and professional environments.

Keywords

Buddhism Consciousness Ethics Impermanence Enlightenment Karma Non-harming 

References

  1. Anderson, S. (Feb. 8, 2009). Ah-ummmm.....: Meditation group offers calm in a stressful world. McClatchy - Tribune Business News, adopted from St. Joseph News-Press. Retrieved June 16, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Dateline. (Document ID: 1640614081).Google Scholar
  2. Bercholz, S., & Kohn, S. C. (1993). An introduction to the Buddha and his teachings. New York: Barnes & Noble, Inc.Google Scholar
  3. Bodhi, B. (1993). Abhidhammattha Sangaha: A comprehensive manual of AbhidhammaThe philosophical psychology of Buddhism (M. Narada, Trans.). Onalaska, WA: BPS Pariyatti Editions.Google Scholar
  4. Brazier, D. (2002). The new Buddhism. New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  5. Ch’en, K. K. S. (1968). Buddhism: The light of Asia. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, Inc.Google Scholar
  6. Gates, G. S. (2005). Awakening to school community: Buddhist philosophy for educational reform. The Journal of Educational Thought, 39(2), 149–173.Google Scholar
  7. Goenka, S. N. (2006). Peace within oneself for peace in the world. Dhammagiri, Igatpuri: Vipassana Research Institute.Google Scholar
  8. Goenka, S. N. (2008). Vipassana meditation—Sattipatthana course. In Shri Satyanarayan Goenkaji (Ed.), Dhamma Sikhara. Himachal: S. N. Goenka.Google Scholar
  9. Gross, R. M. (1992). Buddhism after patriarchy: A feminist history, analysis and reconstruction of Buddhism. New York: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gyatso, T. (1980). Universal responsibility and the good heart. Dharamsala, Dist., Kangra, H.P.: Library of Tibetan Works & Archives.Google Scholar
  11. Hawkins, D. R. (1995). Power vs. force: The hidden determinants of human behavior. Carlsbad, CA: Hayhouse, Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Hawkins, D. R. (2001). The eye of the I: From which nothing is hidden. West Sedona, AZ: Veritas Publishing.Google Scholar
  13. Hawkins, D. R. (2003). I: Reality and subjectivity. West Sedona, AZ: Veritas Publishing.Google Scholar
  14. Hawkins, D. R. (2006). Transcending the levels of consciousness. West Sedona, AZ: Veritas Publishing.Google Scholar
  15. Hays, J. M. (2007). Dynamics of organizational wisdom. Business Renaissance Quarterly, 2(4), 77–112.Google Scholar
  16. Johansen, B.-C., & Gopalakrishna, D. (2006). A Buddhist view of adult learning in the workplace. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 8(3), 337–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion Books.Google Scholar
  18. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kornfield, J. (2002). The art of forgiveness, lovingkindness, and peace. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  20. Landesman, S. S. (2008). Goddess Tara: Silence and secrecy on the path to enlightenment. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 58(2), 44–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lhundup, S. (2002). The genesis of environmental ethics and sustaining its heritage in the Kingdom of Bhutan. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 14(4), 693–739.Google Scholar
  22. Lopez, D. S. (2001). The story of Buddhism: A concise guide to its history and teaching. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  23. Martinez, J. (Sept. 22, 2008). New age pragmatism: Crystals and tarots give way to more practical and mainstream subject matter. Publishers Weekly, 255(38). Retrieved online on July 8, 2010, from http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/print/20080922/10447-new-age-pragmatism-.html.
  24. Metcalf, F., & Hately, B. G. (2001). What would Buddha do at work?. San Francisco, CA: Seastone and Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  25. Michalon, M. (2002). “Selflessness” in the service of the ego: Contributions, limitations and dangers of Buddhist psychology for western psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 55(2), 202–218.Google Scholar
  26. Narada, M. T. (1959). A manual of Abhidhamma. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The Buddhist Missionary Society.Google Scholar
  27. Netland, H. (2008). Into the jaws of Yama, lord of death: Buddhism, bioethics, and death. Ethics and Medicine, 24(2), 124–125.Google Scholar
  28. Nhat Hanh, T. (1998). The heart of the Buddha’s teaching: Transforming suffering into peace, joy, and liberation. New York: Broadway Books.Google Scholar
  29. Phan, P. C. (2003). Multiple religious belonging: Opportunities and challenges for theology and church. Theological Studies, 64(3), 495.Google Scholar
  30. Quatro, S. A. (2004). New age or age old: Classical management theory and traditional organized religion as underpinnings of the contemporary organizational spirituality movement. Human Resource Development Review, 3(3), 229–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rahula, W. (1959). What the Buddha taught. New York: Grove Press.Google Scholar
  32. Richmond, L. (1999). Work as a spiritual practice: A practical Buddhist approach to inner growth and satisfaction on the job. Broadway, NY: Broadway Books.Google Scholar
  33. Rickey, C. (March 5, 2009). Teaching meditation to prisoners: Transformative silence? The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved online on July 8, 2010, from http://www.correctionsone.com/treatment/articles/1843777-Teaching-meditation-to-prisoners-Transformative-silence/.
  34. Rinpoche, S. (1993). The Tibetan book of living and dying. New York: HarperSanfrancisco.Google Scholar
  35. Rinpoche, L. Z. (2000). The joy of compassion. Weston, MA: Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive.Google Scholar
  36. Roach, G. M. (2000). The diamond cutter: The Buddha on managing your business and your life. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  37. Salzberg, S. (2006). Meditation and social change. Tikkun, 21(6), 33.Google Scholar
  38. Shen, C. Y., & Midgley, G. (2007). Toward a Buddhist systems methodology I: Comparisons between Buddhism and systems theory. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 26(5), 475–503.Google Scholar
  39. Smedley, T. (2007). What HR could learn from Buddhism. People Management, 13(9), 14.Google Scholar
  40. Swearer, D. K. (2006). An assessment of Buddhist eco-philosophy. Harvard Theological Review, 99(2), 123–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. The Dalai Lama. (1978). Activating bodhichitta and a meditation on compassion (Gonsar Rinpoche, Trans.). Dharamsala, India: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.Google Scholar
  42. The Dalai Lama. (1995). The world of Tibetan Buddhism. Boston: Wisdom Publications.Google Scholar
  43. The Dalai Lama. (2005). The universe in a single atom: The convergence of science and spirituality. New York: Broadway Books.Google Scholar
  44. The Dalai Lama. (2006). How to see yourself as you really are (J. Hopkins, Trans.). New York: Atria Books.Google Scholar
  45. The Dalai Lama, & Cutler, H. C. (1998). The art of happiness. New York: Riverhead Books.Google Scholar
  46. Thondup, T. (1995). Enlightened journey: Buddhist practice as daily life. Boston: Shambala Publications, Inc.Google Scholar
  47. Valliere, D. (2008). Exploring Buddhist influence on the entrepreneurial decision. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 14(3), 172–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wallace, B. A. (1992). The seven-point mind training. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications.Google Scholar
  49. Wallace, B. A. (2001). Buddhism with an attitude: The Tibetan seven-point mind training. Ithaca, NY: Snow Lion Publications.Google Scholar
  50. Wright, K. (2008). In search of the real you. Psychology Today, 41(3), 71–72.Google Scholar
  51. Wrye, H. K. (2006). Sitting with eros and psyche on a Buddhist psychoanalyst’s cushion. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 16(6), 725–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yeshe, L. (2004). The peaceful stillness of the silent mind: Buddhism, mind and meditation. Weston, MA: Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive.Google Scholar
  53. Yoneyama, E. (2007). Phenomenology of life, Zen and management. Society and Business Review, 2(2), 204–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Woodbury UniversityBurbankUSA
  2. 2.BurbankUSA

Personalised recommendations