A Cross-National Investigation on How Ethical Consumers Build Loyalty Toward Fair Trade Brands
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Although Fair Trade has recently experienced rapid growth around the world, there is lack of consumer research that investigates what determines consumers’ loyalty toward Fair Trade brands. In this research, we investigate how ethical consumption values (ECV) and two mediating variables, Fair Trade product beliefs (FTPB) and Fair Trade corporate evaluation, (FTCE) determine Fair Trade brand loyalty (FTBL). On the basis of two empirical studies that use samples from the U.S. and Korea, we provide evidence demonstrating that the manner in which ECV influence FTBL differs in the U.S. and Korea. In the U.S., ECV determine FTBL only indirectly via FTPB, whereas in Korea they determine FTBL directly as well as indirectly via FTCE. We discuss theoretical and managerial implications of these findings.
Keywordsbrand loyalty corporate evaluation culture ethical consumption values Fair Trade product beliefs
Ethical consumption values
Fair Trade product beliefs
Fair Trade corporate evaluation
Fair Trade brand loyalty
Structural equation modeling
Confirmatory factor analysis
Average variance extracted
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