Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 211–225 | Cite as

The Islamic Work Ethic and the Emergence of Turkish SME Owner-Managers

EBEN AC, 2008
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explore the influence of religious beliefs on the work-related attitudes of Turkish SME (small and medium-sized enterprise) owner-managers. In this research, the emergence of pious or devout business people is considered as a phenomenon, and special attention is paid to religious transformation and secularism in Turkey. Both concepts, religion and secularism, are considered within the Turkish context. For the research, in-depth interviews were conducted with 32 Turkish business people from religious and secular backgrounds, respectively. The study investigates the so-called “Islamic work ethic” values and Islamic business principles from a critical perspective and argues that they do not seem to be as significant factors as predicted in the emergence of pious or devout business people in Turkey.

Keywords

Islam secularism SME the theory of structuration Turkey Weber work ethic 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abel, T. and W. C. Cockerham: 1993, Lifestyle or Lebensfuhrung? Critical Remarks on the Mistranslation of Weber’s “Class, Status, Party”, The Sociological Quarterly, 34, (3), 551–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali, A.: 1988, Scaling an Islamic Work Ethic, The Journal of Social Psychology, 128 (5), 575–583.Google Scholar
  3. Arslan, M.: 1999, Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Work Ethic of the Protestant, Catholic and Muslim Managers, Unpublished PhD Thesis (University of Leeds).Google Scholar
  4. Arslan, M.: 2000, A Cross Cultural Comparison of British and Turkish Managers in Terms of PWE Characteristics, Business Ethics: A European Review, 9 (1), 13–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arslan, M.: 2001, The Work Ethic Values of Protestant British, Catholic Irish and Muslim Turkish Managers, Journal of Business Ethics, 31(4), 321–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Asad, T.: 1993, Genealogies of Religion-Disciplines and reasons of power in Christianity and Islam, The Johns Hopkins University Press: London.Google Scholar
  7. Bryman, A. and E. Bell: 2003, Business Research Methods, Oxford University Press: New York.Google Scholar
  8. Bugra, A.: 1994, State and Business in Modern Turkey: A Comparative Study, SUNY Press: New York.Google Scholar
  9. Bulut, F.: 1997, Tarikat Sermayesinin Yukselisi (the Booming of the Tarikat Capital), Oteki Yayinlari: Istanbul.Google Scholar
  10. Carkoglu, A and B. Toprak: 2006, Degisen Turkiye’de Din Toplum ve Siyaset (Religion, Society and Politics in the Changing Turkey), TESEV: Istanbul.Google Scholar
  11. Dogan, A. E.: 2006, Islamci Sermayenin Gelisme Dinamikleri ve 28 Subat Sureci (The Dynamics of Islamic Capital and the period of February 28th), Mulkiye, 252.Google Scholar
  12. Furnham, A.: 1984, The Protestant Work Ethic: A Review of the Psychological Literature, European Journal of Social Psychology, 14(1), 87–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Furnham, A.: 1990, The Protestant Work Ethic: The Psychology of Work-Related Beliefs and Behaviours, Routledge: London.Google Scholar
  14. Giddens, A.: 1984, The Constitution of Society, Polity: Cambridge.Google Scholar
  15. Gokalp, Z.: 1973, Terbiyenin Sosyal ve kulturel temelleri (Social and cultural Foundations of Ethics), Milli Egitim Basimevi: Istanbul.Google Scholar
  16. Hennis, W.: 2000, Max Weber’s Central Question, Threshold Press: Newbury, Berks.Google Scholar
  17. Jones, H. B.: 1997, The Protestant Ethic: Weber’s Model and the Empirical Literature, Human Relations, 50(7), 757–778.Google Scholar
  18. Kuran, T,: 1993, The Economic Impact of Islamic Fundamentalism, in M. Marty and R. S. Appleby (eds.), Fundamentalism and the State, Chicago University Press: Chicago, pp. 302–341.Google Scholar
  19. Marshall, G.: 1982, In Search of the Spirit of Capitalism: An Essay on Max Weber’s Protestant Ethic Thesis, Columbia University Press: New York.Google Scholar
  20. Martin, D.: 1978, A General Theory of Secularization, Basil Blackwell: Oxford.Google Scholar
  21. Mawdudi, S. A.: 1947/1987, The Economic Problem of Man and Its Islamic Solution (Islamic Publications, Lahor).Google Scholar
  22. Miller, P. F. and W. T. Coady: 1984. Vocational ethics: Toward the development of an enabling work ethic, Illinois State Board of Education: Springfield.Google Scholar
  23. Niles, F. S.: 1999, Toward a Cross-Cultural Understanding of Work-Related Beliefs, Human Relations, 52(7), 855–867.Google Scholar
  24. Ozcan, G. B. and M. Cokgezen: 2003, Limits to Alternative Forms of Capitalization: The Case of Anatolian Holding Companies, World Development, 31(12), 2061–2084.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ozdalga, E.: 2003, Secularizing Trends in Fethullah Gulen’s Movement: Impasse or Opportunity for Further Renewal?, Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, 12 (1), 61–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ozdemir, S.: 2006, MUSIAD: Anadolu Sermayesinin Donusumu ve Turk Modernlesmesinin Derinlesmesi (Musiad: The Transformation of Anatolian Capital and the Deepening of Turkish Modernity), Vadi: Ankara.Google Scholar
  27. Qutb, S.: 1948, Social Justice in Islam, Translated by J. D. Hardie (American Council of Learned Societies, New York).Google Scholar
  28. Schluchter, W.: 1981, The Rise of Western Rationalism: Weber’s Developmental History, University of California Press: London.Google Scholar
  29. Turkdogan, O.: 2002, Islami Degerler Sistemi ve Max Weber (Islamic Value System and Max Weber), IQ Yayincilik: Istanbul.Google Scholar
  30. Turner, B. S.: 1974, Weber and Islam: A Critical Study, Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd: London.Google Scholar
  31. Ulgener, F. S.: 1991, Iktisadi Cozulmenin Ahlak ve Zihniyet Dunyasi (Ethics and the Mentality of the Economic Disintegration Era) (Der Yayinlari, Istanbul).Google Scholar
  32. Ulgener, F. S.: 2006, Zihniyet ve Din – Islam, Tasavvuf ve Cozulme Devri Iktisat Ahlaki, (Mentality and Religion: Islam, Sufism and the Economic Ethic of the Disintegration Period), Der Yayinlari: Istanbul.Google Scholar
  33. Weber, M.: 1978, Economy and Society Vol I–II, University of California Press: California.Google Scholar
  34. Weber, M.: 2004, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Routledge: London.Google Scholar
  35. Yousef, D. A.: 2001, Islamic Work Ethic: A moderator between organizational commitment and job satisfaction in a cross-cultural context, Personnel Review, 30(2), 152–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Brunel Business SchoolWest LondonU.K.

Personalised recommendations