Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 19–28 | Cite as

The Expatriate Glass Ceiling: The Second Layer of Glass

  • Gary S. InschEmail author
  • Nancy McIntyre
  • Nancy K. Napier


The corporate glass ceiling continues to be a challenge for many organizations. However, women executives may be facing a second pane of obstruction – an expatriate glass ceiling – that prevents them from receiving the foreign management assignments and experience that is becoming increasing critical for promotion to upper management. The responsibility to break the expatriate glass ceiling lies with both female managers and the multinational corporations that utilize expatriates. In this paper, we propose pre-assignment, on-assignment, and post-assignment strategies for breaking the expatriate glass ceiling.


expatriate glass ceiling women executives multinational corporations 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary S. Insch
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nancy McIntyre
    • 2
  • Nancy K. Napier
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Business AdministrationWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownU.S.A.
  2. 2.Division of Business AdministrationWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownU.S.A.
  3. 3.International BusinessBoise State UniversityBoiseU.S.A.

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