Gender Diversity in Corporate Governance and Top Management
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This article examines whether and how the participation of women in the firm’s board of directors and senior management enhances financial performance. We use the Fama and French (1992, 1993) valuation framework to take the level of risk into consideration, when comparing firm performances, whereas previous studies used either raw stock returns or accounting ratios. Our results indicate that firms operating in complex environments do generate positive and significant abnormal returns when they have a high proportion of women officers. Although the participation of women as directors does not seem to make a difference in this regard, firms with a high proportion of women in both their management and governance systems generate enough value to keep up with normal stock-market returns. These findings tend to support the policies currently being discussed or implemented in some countries and organizations to foster the advancement of women in business.
Keywordsgender diversity corporate governance agency theory stakeholder theory
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Financial support from the Autorité des marchés financiers and Desjardins Securities is gratefully acknowledged. We are especially grateful to Val Singh, the section Editor, and to the two anonymous reviewers of the Journal of Business Ethics for their thoughtful comments and suggestions. The usual caveat applies.
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