Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp 111–127 | Cite as

The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model

  • Muel KapteinEmail author
  • Mark S. Schwartz
Open Access


Business codes are a widely used management instrument. Research into the effectiveness of business codes has, however, produced conflicting results. The main reasons for the divergent findings are: varying definitions of key terms; deficiencies in the empirical data and methodologies used; and a lack of theory. In this paper, we propose an integrated research model and suggest directions for future research.


codes effectiveness values norms ethics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business-Society ManagementRSM Erasmus UniversityRotterdamNetherlands
  2. 2.Atkinson School of Administrative StudiesYork UniversityTorontoCanada

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