Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 58, Issue 1–3, pp 187–193 | Cite as

The Long-Term Performance of Small Businesses: Are there Differences Between “Christian-Based” Companies and their Secular Counterparts?

  • Nabil A. IbrahimEmail author
  • John P. Angelidis


Recent years have witnessed the proliferation of “Christian” companies in the U.S. These firms declare their belief in, and active pursuit of, the successful merging of biblical principles with business activities. Economic success, hard work, and biblical values are seen as capable of existing together in harmony. While the number of such businesses appears to be growing, there has been a dearth of any scientific study of these companies. No empirical research has been conducted to determine whether these religious values and behaviors have any significant impact on a company’s performance. The present study is designed to partially fill this gap. Specifically, it seeks to determine whether there are differences in long-term performance between self-proclaimed “Christian-based” businesses and their secular counterparts. Data were collected from 312 companies. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), followed by univariate ANOVAs, found significant differences between these two groups of firms on three of the four performance variables that were analyzed. Some explanations as well as limited generalizations and implications are developed.


business ethics Christian-based companies performance secular companies small business 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Business Administration and holder of the Grover Maxwell Chair of Business Administration at College of Business AdministrationAugusta State UniversityAugustaU.S.A

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